Event Abstract

fMRI based Granger causality as a measure of effective connectivity in macaque visual cortex

  • 1 Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Philippstraße 13, 10115 Berlin, Germany, Germany
  • 2 Institut für Theoretische Physik, Technische Universität Berlin, Germany
  • 3 Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle university, United Kingdom

Granger causality (GC) analysis of fMRI blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) time series has been proposed as a statistical tool to analyse directional influences between remote brain regions. Ongoing BOLD activity is treated as a set of stochastic time series (STS) generated by stochastic processes whose properties can be captured by autoregressive models. GC quantifies the improvement in predicting one brain region STS by inclusion of that from another region. Here, we show how GC can be tested using the ensemble of single-voxel time series in a region of interest (ROI). Granger causality was tested on F statistics derived from linear regression models using BOLD time series. Ongoing BOLD activity was extracted from four ROIs: three in V1 and one in MT/V5 area of the macaque visual cortex. fMRI scans were made under three stimulus conditions, whereby (1) a single (‘centre’) grating was presented, (2) the single grating was flanked by 2 additional gratings, and (3) only the flanking gratings were shown. ROIs were not spatially homogenous in their influence on each other; we found a variable number of voxel pairs with significant F statistics. GC analysis showed that the V1 ROI which represented the ‘centre’ grating was influenced by the MT/V5 ROI when centre-flanker stimuli were shown, but not by the V1 ROIs representing the flanking gratings. It thus appears that centre-flanker interactions (at distances >3 deg of visual angle) arise mainly through feedback, not through lateral intra-areal connections.

Keywords: dynamical systems, effective connectivity, fMRI, networks, Neurons, Visual Cortex

Conference: BC11 : Computational Neuroscience & Neurotechnology Bernstein Conference & Neurex Annual Meeting 2011, Freiburg, Germany, 4 Oct - 6 Oct, 2011.

Presentation Type: Poster

Topic: neurons, networks and dynamical systems (please use "neurons, networks and dynamical systems" as keywords)

Citation: Vuksanovic V, Bartolo M, Hunter D, Sun L and Thiele A (2011). fMRI based Granger causality as a measure of effective connectivity in macaque visual cortex. Front. Comput. Neurosci. Conference Abstract: BC11 : Computational Neuroscience & Neurotechnology Bernstein Conference & Neurex Annual Meeting 2011. doi: 10.3389/conf.fncom.2011.53.00200

Received: 19 Aug 2011; Published Online: 04 Oct 2011.

* Correspondence: Dr. Vesna Vuksanovic, Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Philippstraße 13, 10115 Berlin, Germany, Berlin, Germany, 10115, Germany, vesna.vuksanovic@bccn-berlin.de

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