Collective knowledge: using a consensus conference approach to develop recommendations for physical activity and nutrition programs for persons with type 2 diabetes
- 1Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
- 2Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Life and Environmental Sciences,University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
- 3Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
The purpose of this consensus conference was to have a lay panel of persons with type 2 diabetes (T2D) work in collaboration with an expert panel of diabetes professionals to develop strategies designed to improve dietary and physical activity adherence in persons with T2D. Lay panel participants were 15 people living with T2D. The seven experts had expertise in exercise management, cardiovascular risk factors, community-based lifestyle interventions, healthy weight strategies, the glycemic index, exercise motivation, and social, environmental and cultural interactions. All meetings were facilitated by a professional, neutral facilitator. During the conference each expert gave a 15-min presentation answering questions developed by the lay panel and all panel members worked to generate suggestions for programs and ways in which the needs of persons with T2D may be better met. A subgroup of the lay panel used the suggestions created from the conference to generate a final list of recommendations. Recommendations were categorized into (1) diagnosis/awareness (e.g., increasing awareness about T2D in the general public, need for lifelong self-monitoring post-diagnosis); (2) education for the person with diabetes (e.g., periodic “refresher” courses), professionals (e.g., regular interactions between researchers and persons with T2D so researchers better understand the needs of the affected population), and the community (e.g., support for families and employers); and (3) ongoing support (e.g., peer support groups). The recommendations from the conference can be used by researchers to design and evaluate physical activity and nutrition programs. The results can also be of use to policy makers and health promoters interested in increasing adherence to physical activity and nutrition guidelines among persons with T2D.
Keywords: diabetes, lifestyle interventions, consensus conference, physical activity, nutrition
Citation: Berry TR, Chan CB, Bell RC and Walker J (2012) Collective knowledge: using a consensus conference approach to develop recommendations for physical activity and nutrition programs for persons with type 2 diabetes. Front. Endocrin. 3:161. doi: 10.3389/fendo.2012.00161
Received: 14 September 2012; Accepted: 27 November 2012;
Published online: 11 December 2012.
Copyright: © 2012 Berry, Chan, Bell and Walker. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in other forums, provided the original authors and source are credited and subject to any copyright notices concerning any third-party graphics etc.
*Correspondence: Tanya R. Berry, Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, E4-88 Van Vliet Centre, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2H9. e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org