Affective and motivational influences in person perception
- 1Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine - Ethics in the Neurosciences (INM-8), Research Center Juelich, Juelich, Germany
- 2Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Cologne, Cologne, Germany
- 3Department of Psychology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
- 4Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine - Cognitive Neurology (INM-3), Research Center Juelich, Juelich, Germany
Interpersonal impression formation is highly consequential for social interactions in private and public domains. These perceptions of others rely on different sources of information and processing mechanisms, all of which have been investigated in independent research fields. In social psychology, inferences about states and traits of others as well as activations of semantic categories and corresponding stereotypes have attracted great interest. On the other hand, research on emotion and reward demonstrated affective and motivational influences of social cues on the observer, which in turn modulate attention, categorization, evaluation, and decision processes. While inferential and categorical social processes have been shown to recruit a network of cortical brain regions associated with mentalizing and evaluation, the affective influence of social cues has been linked to subcortical areas that play a central role in detection of salient sensory input and reward processing. In order to extend existing integrative approaches to person perception, both the inferential-categorical processing of information about others, and affective and motivational influences of this information on the beholder should be taken into account.
Keywords: person perception, impression formation, social inference, affective influence, reward
Citation: Kuzmanovic B, Jefferson A, Bente G and Vogeley K (2013) Affective and motivational influences in person perception. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 7:266. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00266
Received: 01 March 2013; Accepted: 24 May 2013;
Published online: 11 June 2013.
Copyright © 2013 Kuzmanovic, Jefferson, Bente and Vogeley. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in other forums, provided the original authors and source are credited and subject to any copyright notices concerning any third-party graphics etc.
*Correspondence: Bojana Kuzmanovic, Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine - Ethics in the Neurosciences (INM-8), Research Center Juelich, 52425 Juelich, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org