Frontiers is a Swiss-based scholarly communications company. We publish open access, peer-reviewed
scholarly journal articles, and our research network allows academics to communicate quickly,
effectively, and freely with their colleagues from around the world. The Frontiers initiative began
within the neuroscience community and it gradually grew to address other fields. Frontiers promotes the
idea that everyone should have an equal opportunity to share, seek and generate knowledge. To reach
these objectives, the key concept of the Frontiers publishing model include, besides full open access,
novel processes in the review and evaluation of research, as well as progressive distillation of the
best published knowledge and an advanced service-oriented IT platform. The interplay of all these
features creates a strong synergy that makes Frontiers stand out and differ from any other academic
Thomson ISI requires at least three complete years of publishing, plus a few of other criteria, before
issuing an impact factor for a specific journal. In the case of Frontiers, this condition has so far
been met by a number of our Neuroscience journals. Impact factors are issued for the preceding year
involving complex criteria that evaluate the previous three years' citations.
The impact factor for Frontiers in Human Neuroscience was 1.6 in 2009, 1.9 in 2010, and 2.3 in 2011. This
pattern of steadily rising impact factors is consistent across the Frontiers journals for which impact
factors have been issued, and we expect it to continue. Among other Frontiers journals with impact
factors are Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience (2.1 in 2011), Frontiers in Neuroanatomy (3.1 in
2011), Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience (4.2 in 2011), and Frontiers in Neural Circuits (5.1 in
More Frontiers journals will receive impact factors in 2013, and we are confident that newer Frontiers
journals will be included in the Journal Citation Reports in the future.
Yes. If your article has been accepted for publication (but not yet published) and you believe that it
is potentially newsworthy, you should contact Frontiers Communications Office at firstname.lastname@example.org, who will take it into
consideration. Please include a short (no more than half a page) focused on a summary of the findings and
why they are important, as well as your article title and specialty it was submitted to.
Frontiers journals publish exclusively online, at continuous frequency. Every time a new article is
accepted by the editor, we publish it directly and update the table of contents on our website. Articles
appear on the journal’s main page with links to the full article content and images, accessible at
no cost to any reader worldwide.
Frontiers also publishes ebooks arising from Frontiers Research Topics, which bring together a collection
of published articles around a focused research question, and which can be purchased and downloaded on
Frontiers printed quarterly hardcopy issues of the field journal Frontiers in Neuroscience until 2010,
but the hardcopy was discontinued in order to focus on delivering top-quality online content at a
sustainable, affordable open access publishing fee.
Frontiers article publishing fees are payable upon an article’s acceptance for publication. They
are among the lowest in open access publishing and there are many waivers and subsidies available.
Please find all details at .
Open access is free for any reader, but it is not free for publishers. Frontiers operates on an
author- pay/reader-free model, also known as “Gold Open Access.” Author fees help offset the
cost of managing large editorial boards, administering peer review of articles, developing and
maintaining the IT required to maintain the journals and the journal website, and many other associated
costs. To read more about open access, please see here: .
Authors who can demonstrate an inability to bear publication fees may apply to Frontiers for an
article fee waiver, which may cover all or part of the article publishing charge. Some conditions make
authors automatically eligible for a fee waiver, as outlined below.
Waivers may also be granted if the corresponding author can demonstrate a genuine inability to
Authors who wish to apply for a waiver should provide the name of their grant/institution and a
short explanatory paragraph as to why the publishing fees are unaffordable, and send this to email@example.com. Authors wishing to apply must do so
before, or immediately after, the manuscript is submitted.
Authors who wish to apply for a waiver should provide the name of their grant/institution and a short
explanatory paragraph as to why the publishing fees are unaffordable, and send this to firstname.lastname@example.org. Authors wishing to apply must do so
before, or immediately after, the manuscript is submitted.
A waiver is applied to the publishing fee. If applicable, VAT is calculated and added to the net
amount. As an example, a Research Topic article submitted by an American resident who was granted a 20%
supplementary waiver will receive the following invoice:
Only if you are a resident of Switzerland or Liechtenstein. Frontiers is required by Swiss law to
charge value-added tax (VAT) on all goods and services supplied to Swiss- and Liechtenstein- resident
individuals and all Swiss- and Liechtenstein-based organizations as well as a small number of other
customers. Some Swiss regions have special rules. If you have been wrongly charged Swiss VAT, please
Until a payment is completed, you have the possibility of updating the payer information directly from
the website. This can be done by accessing the invoice in the article Review Forum and clicking
"Modify Payer". If a payment has already been verified by the accounting office, it is
necessary to send an email to email@example.com
with your request.
If you have paid an invoice online using a credit card, our system automatically registered the
transaction, and you will not receive any reminders. For any related issue, please send us an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
If you used a different payment option (such as bank transfer or check), there is a technical delay
before the payment is deposited into our account. Also, it could take a few days for the accounting
office to match your payment to your invoice. The verification time can be substantially reduced if
your invoice number is clearly indicated in the transaction details, and if you upload a proof of
payment (from the invoice detail page).
Under the Frontiers Terms and Conditions, authors retain the copyright to their work. All Frontiers
articles are Open Access and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution
License, (CC-BY 3,0), which permits the use, distribution and reproduction of material from
published articles, provided the original authors and source are credited, and subject to any copyright
notices concerning any third-party content.
Different journals may accept different article types. You can find a list of all our journals here:
Click on the journal title that is relevant to you and then on “Article types”.
To reproduce one of your figures originally published in a Frontiers Journal, no permission is needed.
Nevertheless, the full citation of the original publication is mandatory. Please follow the following
example: "Figure as originally published in Weiss SA and Faber DS (2010) Field effects in the CNS
play functional roles Front. Neural Circuits 4:15. doi: 10.3389/fncir.2010.00015".
If you would like to reproduce copyrighted figures or text in a Frontiers article which were
originally published elsewhere, you will have to acquire permission from the original publisher. You
will need to request a publisher license, which includes the permission to publish the figures or text
in a Frontiers article. When submitting your article, please include the license with the rest of your
files. Please bear in mind that Frontiers cannot cover any permission fees charged by other publishers
for copyrighted material, and it is the responsibility of the author to cover any supplementary
If you would like to submit more than15 figures along with your article, please contact our IT
Helpdesk at email@example.com.
For a template please download Frontiers LaTeX.
As soon as your article is published it will be submitted to PubMed Central for indexing. Please allow
approximately 2-4 weeks for PubMed Central to process and index your article full text and for the
citation to appear in PubMed.
All biomedical articles published in Frontiers journals are included immediately in PubMed Central,
the most widely used biomedical bibliographic database service. PubMed Central is a National Library of
Medicine service that provides access to MEDLINE, articles not yet in MEDLINE and articles from
additional life science journals. Frontiers is also indexed in CrossRef, the Directory of Open Access
Journals, Google Scholar, and PsycInfo (depending on the journal). Because the full text of all
Frontiers Articles is available without registration or subscription, search engines such as Google
also index them – which greatly increases their visibility.
Some Frontiers Journals are indexed by Thomson Reuters (ISI) Web Of Knowledge. Articles from these
journals are searchable through the Web of Science and other Thomson Reuters (ISI) products. We expect
more Frontiers journals to be indexed in Web Of Knowledge in the future.
To check the resolution of your figure, open the image in any preview program and enlarge it to 100%-
150%. If the image appears blurry or has a stair-stepped effect the quality of the resolution is too
low. Note that it is not possible to check image resolution in MS Word.
An image must be captured at the desired resolution or better. Increasing resolution after capture
will never improve the quality of an image. If the resolution is too low, the image will appear
Preferably not. We prefer that your figures be submitted in TIFF format, because this is a common
interchange format that offers high quality and is readable by a wide number of applications.
Once your article has been accepted it will be sent for typesetting immediately. You should receive an
author proof shortly thereafter. After you approve this version for final publication, the PDF will
should be published within a week. Note that your cooperation in reviewing the author’s proof is
essential, and that a time limit for your response is applied to ensure a quick publication process.
Your will be required to provide your comments within 2 business days.
While covering these key roles of the entire Frontiers structure, Frontiers editors and authors are
presented with the following rights, obligations and responsibilities.
The Field Chief Editor is:
The Specialty Chief Editor is:
The Associate Editor is:
Review Editors are:
All manuscripts submitted to Frontiers receive in depth review from qualified expert reviewers and
editors. Full peer review includes both ‘Independent Review’ and ‘Interactive
Review’ phases. In the Independent Review phase – more like traditional peer review - each
reviewer prepares a report on a manuscript and the editor considers these reports in deciding on the
level of revision required. The ‘Interactive Review’ phase, which is unique to Frontiers,
follows Independent Review and allows authors and reviewers to correspond directly, with the goal of
improving the manuscript a much as is reasonably achievable. Full Review is carried out when novel
data, techniques, methods, etc., are presented and thereby require detailed validation. Article types
subject to full peer review are:
Short reviews are applied to manuscripts that do not require extensive validation. The Independent
Review phase is skipped, and Interactive Review is immediately activated. The Associate Editor will
review the manuscript, and may choose to invite one or more additional reviewers. Any reviewers and the
editor will give feedback directly in the Interactive Review Forum. Article types subject to short peer
You can assign Review Editors by logging into your Frontiers account, visiting the manuscript’s
Review Forum, and clicking on "assign reviewers."
Yes. Manuscripts submitted to Frontiers can be reviewed by qualified external expert reviewers who are
not currently members of a Frontiers Editorial Board.
The Review Forum is a unique Frontiers invention, designed to facilitate the review process. All
interactions between authors and editors takes place within the forum - a virtual space where authors can
interact with reviewers and editors to discuss points of interest, with the goal of improving a paper,
and moving discussion forward in an efficient, effective, and collegial manner. Editors, reviewers and
authors can also take administrative actions, such as manuscript resubmission or reviewer invitation,
through their respective portal to the Frontiers Review Forum.
Independent Review is the first of two phases in Frontiers ‘full review’. In this phase,
individual expert reviewers prepare their evaluation of a manuscript according to a standardized review
template. When all reviewers have prepared their independent reviewer reports, the Associate Editor can
activate the Interactive Review.
All manuscripts submitted to Frontiers undergo Interactive Review. For manuscripts undergoing full
review, Interactive Review follows the Independent Review phase. For short review, the Interactive
Review phase commences upon submission.
Within the interactive review forum, authors can read the reviewers’ comments, reply to those
comments, and resubmit new manuscript files. Authors and reviewers can engage in detailed dialogue
until convergence is reached, and editors can intervene and moderate at any point. Once at least two
reviewers finalize a review, the Associate Editor has permission to accept a manuscript for
You can access your manuscript’s review reports directly through the Review Forum.
Enter the article’s Review Forum under ‘My Review Assignments’. Author comments are
visible in the main body of the page, threaded in response to your review comments.
The decision to accept a manuscript for publication is taken by the Associate Editor. The associate
editor must take into consideration the reviewers’ comments, reviewers’ endorsement, and
the authors’ ability to revise the manuscript (if needed) before taking the decision.
However, rejection can only be approved in consultation with the chief editor. An Associate Editor can
- if reviewers and authors fail to reach agreement, or if two reviewers withdraw - recommend a
manuscript for rejection. This recommendation must then be confirmed by the Specialty Chief Editor.
No. Any reviewer who endorses publication of a manuscript in Frontiers must have their identity
listed on the published article. If a review editor is unwilling to have their name listed on a
published article, they must decline to review before accepting a review invitation, or withdraw from
review if they have already undertaken the review assignment.
On average, the review process takes around 30 days from submission to activation of the interactive
review, and 60 days to reach a decision, for a total of 90 days. This is one of the fastest review
processes in scholarly publishing.
When an editor determines, upon evaluating independent review reports, that only minor manuscript
revisions are required before publication, Frontiers allows immediate online publication of the
paper’s abstract as a “Paper Pending.” This allows a pressure-free collaboration
between authors and reviewers as revisions are made and discussed, while removing any concern that the
authors’ discovery might be ‘scooped’ while review is ongoing.
Research Topics have become popular trademarks of the Frontiers Journals Series: they are collections
of at least ten articles of any tier 1 article type, and are centered on hot topics in a particular
The Specialty Chief Editor of the section in which you aim to host the topic in approves your
Research Topics may comprise any Frontiers tier 1 article types.
When setting deadlines for your Research Topic, keep in mind that participation announcements need to
be sent, abstracts need to be submitted, notifications to the authors must be sent regarding the
approval of their abstracts, and full articles need to be prepared. The editorial office suggests a
minimum of two months from the day the topic announcement is sent to potential contributors, to the
date of abstract submission. We also suggest at least a further three months until the date of full
All articles contributing to a Research Topic are reviewed in accordance with standard Frontiers
No. Some research topics have received more than 50 papers!
The article publishing fee for authors is steeply discounted for Research Topic articles. You can find
a complete table of publishing fees here.
The advantages for the host editor are manifold – both at a professional and a personal level.
It is a great opportunity to boost the visibility of your research interests, and to provide a broad
perspective on the latest advances in your area – tailored by your personal approach to the
topic. Hosting a Research Topic is also a great opportunity to unite the best researchers in your area
and intensify collaborations.
Please see this page for
details on steps involved in proposing and hosting a Frontiers Research Topic."
Yes. Having more than one topic editor is advantageous, since editorial responsibilities can be
Yes. As a Topic Editor, you may submit an article to your Research Topic, but another Frontiers editor
will serve as the handling editor for your manuscript’s peer review process. You may also submit
an editorial, to be published after the Research Topic is closed.
As editor of a Frontiers Research Topic, you have all the rights, responsibilities and obligations of
a Frontiers associate editor, with the exception of inviting Review Editors to the Frontiers board.
Your responsibilities when handing an individual manuscript are exactly the same as those of a
Frontiers Associate Editor. Additionally, a Topic Editor is responsible for promoting their research
topic to colleagues and encouraging their participation.
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