Event Abstract

The Effect of Listening to the Quran Surah Al-Mulk with Translation on Anxiety and Sleep Quality in Medical Students

  • 1 Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
  • 2 Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Department of Physiology, Indonesia

Background: Reciting Quran, the holy book of Islam or listening to its recitation has been demonstrated worldwide to improve psychological and physiological conditions. Al-Mulk (sovereignty, kingdom) is one of its Surah with supposed benefits. Listening to the Arabic recitation continued with understanding the meaning may result in neural and hormonal enhancement to reduce anxiety and improve sleep quality. This study is to determine the effect of listening to the Quran Surah Al-Mulk on anxiety and sleep quality in medical students. Methods: This is an experimental study with pre- and post-test design. Forty nine medical students of various years were included in the study. The first group of 27 students, the group 1, filled the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS). While the rest 22 students as the group 2 filled the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI).. The quran recitation, Surah Al Mulk (30 verses) in Arabic followed by Indonesian translation was played using MP3 player once daily for 14 days to both groups. Posttest for both anxiety and sleep quality were applied after the interventions. The Wilcoxon test was used to determine the differences between HARS scores or the PSQI score before and after listening to Al-Mulk and its translation in each group respectively. Results: There was a significant decrease in HARS score after listening to Al-Mulk with translation in group 1 (p<0.001) compared to before listening. There was also a significant decrease in PSQI in group 2 after listening (p<0.05) compared to before listening. Conclusions: Listening to Quran Surah Al-Mulk and its translation reduces anxiety and sleep quality in medical students. Keywords: quran, anxiety, sleep quality, medical students, HARS, PSQI

References

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Keywords: Quran, Anxiety, sleep quality, medical stud, HARS, PSQI

Conference: International Conference on Drug Discovery and Translational Medicine 2018 (ICDDTM '18) “Seizing Opportunities and Addressing Challenges of Precision Medicine”, Putrajaya, Malaysia, 3 Dec - 5 Feb, 2019.

Presentation Type: Oral Presentation

Topic: Miscellaneous

Citation: Sari CF, Pertiwi H, Indraswari DA and Bakhtiar Y (2019). The Effect of Listening to the Quran Surah Al-Mulk with Translation on Anxiety and Sleep Quality in Medical Students. Front. Pharmacol. Conference Abstract: International Conference on Drug Discovery and Translational Medicine 2018 (ICDDTM '18) “Seizing Opportunities and Addressing Challenges of Precision Medicine”. doi: 10.3389/conf.fphar.2019.63.00006

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Received: 30 Nov 2018; Published Online: 17 Jan 2019.

* Correspondence: Miss. Cindar F Sari, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, semarang, Indonesia, cindarfatiha@gmail.com

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