Event Abstract

Occupational dermatitis of allergic origin among the active population of the region of Tlemcen and their impact on the occurrence of respiratory allergies

  • 1 Service of occupational medicine, University centre, Tlemcen, Algeria, Algeria
  • 2 Laboratory Toxicomed,University of Tlemcen, Algeria, Algeria

Allergic manifestations in the workplace, including allergic contact dermatitis, are increasingly common. In addition, the association between skin and respiratory allergy is little reported in the literature. We study this association through observations collected at the Service of Medicine of the University centre of Tlemcen's work (CHUT). Objective: The aim of this work was to study dermatitis allergic contact (DCA) and respiratory diseases of allergic allure as, as well as to propose a preventive approach. Methods and results: it is a descriptive study that took place from January to July 2010. It includes an analysis of working conditions and a medical survey (questionnaires, clinical examination, respiratory functional explorations, allergy skin tests, and other paraclinical exploration oriented depending on symptomatology). The study population consists of patients having consulted in occupational medicine service (CHUT) for which the diagnosis of occupational allergic contact dermatitis was made at the end of this consultation, a total of 49 patients included in this study (57.1% of men, 42.9% of women) with a mean age of 37.2 ± 10.4 years. Health and the BTP sector professionals are the most represented (38.8% 20.5%, respectively). A history of personal atopy was found in 21% and family in 14%. The proportion of the association of asthma, rhinitis, anaphylaxis to a Contact allergic dermatitis was respectively 12.2% 61.2%, 8.16%. Clinical responses were scored in 20.4% for chrome, 16.3% for latex, in 8.1% to thiuram mix in 6% for Mercapto mix in 2% aldehyde and epoxy resins. There is therefore a significant allergic risk and it is important to give attention to the identification of risk and its evaluation order to implement support and prevention strategies for this risk.

Keywords: Allergic contact, Dermatitis, Occupational asthma, Occupational allergens, Respiratory Allergies.

Conference: The First International Congress of Immunology and Molecular Immunopathology (CIMIP2014), Tlemcen, Algeria, 17 Oct - 20 Oct, 2014.

Presentation Type: Poster Presentation

Topic: Allergology

Citation: Meziane Z and Taleb A (2014). Occupational dermatitis of allergic origin among the active population of the region of Tlemcen and their impact on the occurrence of respiratory allergies. Front. Immunol. Conference Abstract: The First International Congress of Immunology and Molecular Immunopathology (CIMIP2014). doi: 10.3389/conf.fimmu.2014.04.00025

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Received: 03 Oct 2014; Published Online: 01 Dec 2014.

* Correspondence: Dr. Zakia Meziane, Service of occupational medicine, University centre, Tlemcen, Algeria, tlemcen, Algeria, mezianezakia@yahoo.fr

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