Event Abstract

Intraparietal sulcus represents audiovisual space

  • 1 Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Cognitive Neuroimaging, Germany

Previous research has demonstrated that human observers locate audiovisual (AV) signals in space by averaging auditory (A) and visual (V) spatial signals according to their relative sensory reliabilities (=inverse of variance) (Ernst & Banks, 2002; Alais & Burr, 2004). This form of AV integration is optimal in that it provides the most reliable percept. Yet, the neural systems mediating integration of spatial inputs remain unclear. Multisensory integration of spatial signals has previously been related to higher order association areas such as intraparietal sulcus (IPS) as well as early sensory areas like the planum temporale (Bonath et al., 2007). In the current fMRI study, we investigated whether and how early visual (V1-V3) and higher association (IPS) areas represent A and V spatial information given their retinotopic organization. One subject was presented with synchronous audiovisual signals, at spatially congruent or discrepant locations along the azimuth and at two levels of sensory reliability. Hence, the experimental design factorially manipulated: (1) V location, (2) A location, (3) V reliability. The subject’s task was to localize the A signal. Retinotopic maps in visual areas and IPS were measured with standard wedge and ring checkerboard stimuli. At the behavioral level, the perceived location of the A input was shifted towards the location of the V input depending on the relative A and V reliabilities. At the neural level, the cue locations represented in retinotopic maps were decoded by computing a population vector estimate (Pouget et al., 2000) from the voxels’ BOLD responses to the AV cues given the voxels’ preferred visual field coordinate. In early visual areas (V1-V3), the decoded cue locations were determined by the V spatial signal but were independent from the A spatial signal. In IPS, the decoded cue locations were determined by the V and the A spatial signals if relative V reliability was low. In conclusion, our results suggest that the brain represents AV spatial location in IPS in qualitative agreement with reliability-weighted multisensory integration.

References

Ernst, M. O., & Banks, M. S. (2002). Humans integrate visual and haptic information in a statistically optimal fashion. Nature, 415(6870), 429-433.
Alais, D., & Burr, D. (2004). The ventriloquist effect results from near-optimal bimodal integration. Curr Biol, 14(3), 257-262.
Bonath, B., Noesselt, T., Martinez, A., Mishra, J., Schwiecker, K., Heinze, H. J., et al. (2007). Neural basis of the ventriloquist illusion. Curr Biol, 17(19), 1697-1703.
Pouget, A., Dayan, P., & Zemel, R. (2000). Information processing with population codes. Nat Rev Neurosci, 1(2), 125-132.

Keywords: Audiovisual spatial integration, fMRI, Intraparietal sulcus

Conference: Bernstein Conference 2012, Munich, Germany, 12 Sep - 14 Sep, 2012.

Presentation Type: Poster

Topic: Sensory processing and perception

Citation: Rohe T and Noppeney U (2012). Intraparietal sulcus represents audiovisual space. Front. Comput. Neurosci. Conference Abstract: Bernstein Conference 2012. doi: 10.3389/conf.fncom.2012.55.00054

Received: 25 May 2012; Published Online: 12 Sep 2012.

* Correspondence: Mr. Tim Rohe, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Cognitive Neuroimaging, Tuebingen, 72076, Germany, tim.rohe@tuebingen.mpg.de

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