Event Abstract

Regenerative potential of characterised honey in wound healing

  • 1 Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, School of Medical Science & Technology, India
  • 2 Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, Department of Biotechnology, India
  • 3 Banerjee's Biomedical Research Foundation, India

Introduction: Outright harmonization amongst the events such as infiltration of inflammatory cells, granulation tissues constitution along with angiogenesis, proliferation and migration of fibroblasts and keratinocytes maintains dynamicity of ideal and rapid wound repair. Treatment with honey has regained popularity in recent times as because a number of small clinical trials have been completed which corroborate clinical improvement with regenerative potentiality on topical application of honey on wound. Honey is thought to be providing regenerative ambience in wound bed leading to the development of an embryonic environment with its own system intelligence. In this context present study performs exhaustive estimation of honey’s regenerative potential on topical application in wound model with a special emphasis on elucidation based on histopathological study.

Materials and Methods: 10 male swiss albino mice (Mus musculus) were housed individually in a pathogen free environment and the study was performed under the Guidelines of the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee. Two full thickness wounds were created on each animal after anaesthetizing with xylazine and ketamine hydrochloride and subsequent shaving of the dorsal part. One wound was regarded as control (povidone-iodine treated) and another was treated with physico-chemically characterized honey. The wounds were examined clinically at specific time points along with the collection of biopsy samples followed by Hematoxylin-Eosin (H and E), Periodic Acid–Schiff (PAS) and Van Gieson’s (VG) staining.

Results and Discussion: As shown in figure 1, the total wound area (pixel value) for honey treated wound as calculated by ImageJ software was found to be significantly reduced when compared to control.  Higher level of significance ( p= 5.6*E-05) is noted in case of honey treated wound as an indicator of wound contraction. The long lasting effect of honey on the release of TNF-α and IL-1β and IL-6 production may explain its therapeutic interface in the harmonized process of wound healing.

On clinical evaluation, the honey treated wounds were found to show accelertaed healing comparitively with respect to control.

The healing progression of skin biopsies were observed by histopathological techniques On 10th and 20th days after treatment, the microscopic observations under H and E staining explored remarkably improved histological features with progressive maturation of epithelial and connective tissues. The VG staining illustrated upgraded collagen density and formation of normal skin orientation.

Conclusion: Topical application of honey escalates wound healing with exquisite dynamicity via apposite wound contraction and re-epithilialization in wound model. Results of this study may serve as a crucial step for exploration of honey in varied regenerative applications.

This work is carried out under the project "Noninvasive Characterization Of Healing And Nonhealing Wounds And Development Of Honey-Biomaterial And Stem Cell Based Wound Therapy" (NIC), sponsored by MHRD, Department of higher Education, New Delhi, Government of India. IIT Kharagpur has been acknowledged for providing infrastructural facility

References:
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Keywords: Regenerative Medicine, system biology, Tissue Regeneration, Clinical relevance

Conference: 10th World Biomaterials Congress, Montréal, Canada, 17 May - 22 May, 2016.

Presentation Type: Poster

Topic: Biomaterials in wound care

Citation: Sarkar S, Chaudhary A, Bag S, Subramanian B, Das AK, Banerjee P and Chatterjee J (2016). Regenerative potential of characterised honey in wound healing. Front. Bioeng. Biotechnol. Conference Abstract: 10th World Biomaterials Congress. doi: 10.3389/conf.FBIOE.2016.01.00116

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Received: 27 Mar 2016; Published Online: 30 Mar 2016.

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