Event Abstract

Improvements in Symptom Severity and Stability Following Neurological Rehabilitation of a 24-year-old Female Patient with Myoclonus-Dystonia

  • 1 Plasticity Brain Centers, United States
  • 2 University of Central Florida, United States
  • 3 Carrick Institute, United States

Presentation: A 24-year-old female presented to Plasticity Brain Centers for evaluation and treatment of Myoclonus-dystonia. Myoclonus-dystonia (M-D) is a movement disorder characterized by a combination of rapid, brief muscle contractions (myoclonus) and/or sustained twisting and repetitive movements that result in abnormal postures (dystonia) (Raymond 2003). Her symptoms included rapid movements in the neck, right arm, and right leg, headaches, balance problems, difficulty concentrating, sensitivity to hard noises provoking movement, and extreme fatigue. Findings: When asked to rate her symptoms on a graded symptom checklist (GSC) (Simon 2017), she reported a score of 110. A Comprehensive Assessment of Postural Systems (CAPS®) (Pagnacco 2014) was performed assessing balance and stability, on a solid and foamed surface, with eyes opened. Her average stability score was 45.619%. This stability score is affected by the pathological movements, as characterized in her (M-D), which lowers her overall stability score. Methods: An 8-day, multi-modal program of neurological exercises was administered in 18 one-hour treatment sessions (Carrick 2017) that consisted of repetitive peripheral somatosensory stimuli, neuromuscular reeducation exercises, vestibular rehabilitation exercises, orthoptic exercises, cognitive exercises, cold laser, soft tissue mobilization, and off-vertical axis rotation (Gdowski 1999) utilizing a multi-axis rotational chair (MARC). Outcome: Upon exit, her symptoms score was 59 (-46.3636%). Her average stability score improved to 62.132% (+36.20%). She stated that the myoclonic activity was no longer present in her leg and the size of the movements had decreased. The improved stability score supports this qualitative statement. Conclusion: The authors suggest that multi-modal program of neurological exercise may be a viable intervention to address symptoms and stability in patients with M-D. The authors also suggest further investigation into multi-modal, intensive neurological approaches for patients with M-D.


Acknowledgements: The authors would like to thank and acknowledge the contribution of the clinical team at Plasticity Brain Centers as well as the administrative support team. The authors would also like to thank the Carrick Institute for providing the education utilized to create the multi-modal treatments implemented in this case study.


1. Carrick FR, Clark JF, Pagnacco G, Antonucci MM, Hankir A, Zaman R and Oggero E (2017) Head–Eye Vestibular Motion Therapy Affects the Mental and Physical Health of Severe Chronic Postconcussion Patients. Front. Neurol. 8:414. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2017.00414

2. Gdowski GT, McCrea RA. Integration of vestibular and head movement signals in the vestibular nuclei during whole-body rotation. J Neurophysiol (1999) 82:436–49

3. Pagnacco G, Carrick FR, Wright CH, Oggero E. In-situ verification of accuracy, precision and resolution of force and balance platforms. Biomed Sciences instrumentation (2014) 50:171-8

4. Raymond D, Ozelius L. Myoclonus-Dystonia. 2003 May 21 [Updated 2012 Jan 26]. In: Adam MP, Ardinger HH, Pagon RA, et al., editors. GeneReviews® [Internet]. Seattle (WA): University of Washington, Seattle; 1993-2018. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1414/

5. Simon M, Maerlender A, Metzger K, Decoster L, Hollingworth A, McLeod TV. Reliability and Concurrent Validity of Select C3 Logix Test Components. Developmental Neuropsychology (2017) Oct; 0: 1-14. Doi: 10.1080/87565641.2017.1383994. Epub 2017 Oct 25.

Keywords: Myoclonus-dystonia, Noninvasive neuromodulation, Vestibular Rehabilitation, Cold laser, orthoptic exercises, chiropractic neurology, Functional Neurology, Movement Disorders, Inherited disorders, DYT11, DYT11 Dystonia, Dystonia, Myoclonus, soft tissue mobilzation, Neuromuscular re-education

Conference: International Symposium on Clinical Neuroscience 2018, Orlando, Florida, United States, 24 May - 26 May, 2018.

Presentation Type: Poster

Topic: Clinical Applications in health, disease, and injury to the nervous system

Citation: Kalambaheti ER, Manno M, Antonucci MM and Link PE (2018). Improvements in Symptom Severity and Stability Following Neurological Rehabilitation of a 24-year-old Female Patient with Myoclonus-Dystonia. Front. Neurol. Conference Abstract: International Symposium on Clinical Neuroscience 2018. doi: 10.3389/conf.fneur.2018.60.00137

Copyright: The abstracts in this collection have not been subject to any Frontiers peer review or checks, and are not endorsed by Frontiers. They are made available through the Frontiers publishing platform as a service to conference organizers and presenters.

The copyright in the individual abstracts is owned by the author of each abstract or his/her employer unless otherwise stated.

Each abstract, as well as the collection of abstracts, are published under a Creative Commons CC-BY 4.0 (attribution) licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) and may thus be reproduced, translated, adapted and be the subject of derivative works provided the authors and Frontiers are attributed.

For Frontiers’ terms and conditions please see https://www.frontiersin.org/legal/terms-and-conditions.

Received: 13 Apr 2018; Published Online: 14 Dec 2018.

* Correspondence: Dr. Emily R Kalambaheti, Plasticity Brain Centers, Orlando, United States, Emily.Kalambaheti@gmail.com