Event Abstract

A predictive coding based description of auditory scene analysis

  • 1 Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Psychology, Hungary
  • 2 University of Szeged, Hungary

In everyday situations, multiple sound sources are active in the environment. Typically, there is no unique solution to finding the sound sources from the mixture of sound arriving to the ears. To constrain the solution, the brain utilizes known properties of the acoustic environment. However, even using these “rules of perception” (Gestalt principles), for any non trivial sequence of sounds, alternative descriptions can be formed. Indeed, for some stimulus configurations, auditory perception switches back and forth between alternative sound organizations, revealing a system in which two or more possible explanations of the auditory input co-exist and continuously vie for dominance. I propose that the representation of a sound organization in the brain is a coalition of auditory regularity representations producing compatible predictions for the continuation of the sound input. Competition between alternative sound organizations relies on comparing the regularity representations on how reliably they predict incoming sounds and how much together they explain from the total variance of the acoustic input. Results obtained in perceptual studies using the auditory streaming paradigm will be interpreted in support of the hypothesis that regularity representations underlie auditory stream segregation. Because regularity representations are also involved in the deviance-detection process reflected by the mismatch negativity (MMN) event-related potential (ERP), ERP evidence revealing the predictive nature of these regularity representations will be reviewed. Finally, for substantiating the notion of building coalitions form regularity representations, ERP results showing interactions between grouping processes based on sequential and simultaneous cues will be described.

Keywords: predictive coding, scene analysis

Conference: XI International Conference on Cognitive Neuroscience (ICON XI), Palma, Mallorca, Spain, 25 Sep - 29 Sep, 2011.

Presentation Type: Symposium: Oral Presentation

Topic: Symposium 2: Predictive coding in perception and cognition

Citation: Winkler I (2011). A predictive coding based description of auditory scene analysis. Conference Abstract: XI International Conference on Cognitive Neuroscience (ICON XI). doi: 10.3389/conf.fnhum.2011.207.00018

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Received: 03 Nov 2011; Published Online: 08 Nov 2011.

* Correspondence: Dr. István Winkler, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Psychology, Budapest, Hungary, winkler.istvan@ttk.mta.hu

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