Terms and Conditions for Users

© Copyright 2007- Frontiers Media SA.
All rights reserved.

These General Conditions, which incorporate by this reference all rules, procedures and processes which may be published on Frontiers Websites, constitute a contract between all visitors to and users of Frontiers Websites (as defined below) (“you”) and Frontiers Media SA ("Frontiers"), a Swiss corporation with its principal place of business in Lausanne, Switzerland. These conditions also incorporate the Loop terms and conditions, which apply in addition when using the Loop network, and the privacy policy and copyright statement for Frontiers and for the Loop network. If you do not agree with these terms and conditions you must stop using this website and any Frontiers functionality immediately.

Only the “Full Text” column contains the legal agreement; the “Information Summary” column provides a short summary of the legal provision for information purposes only, and has no legal value.

While all the following conditions are important, we particularly draw your attention to the provisions concerning emails from Frontiers (section 6); privacy and data protection (section 7) and limitation of Frontiers’ liability (section 20 and elsewhere).

Frontiers Copyright Statement andprivacy policy form part of these conditions.

Section Information Summary Full Legal text
1. Who we are

Frontiers was founded by two active scientists (read more in our history section) to respond to the unmet needs of researchers around the world, to empower researchers to take responsibility for scholarly publishing and to provide equal opportunities for all researchers to publish solid, peer-reviewed research; and to make that research freely available to all, without payment. Frontiers has been one of the major pioneers of the Open Access (OA) movement.

Frontiers Media SA (Frontiers) owns and operates an open-access publishing platform and service ( and the Loop network for academic and scientific researchers ( Frontiers is dedicated to ensuring that rigorously peer-reviewed, high-quality research is a freely available public resource worldwide.
2. These conditions cover all use of our websites, registration, submission of articles and other content and the use of content.

You must comply with these conditions and rules referred to here.

Some functionality may be restricted.

You must respect copyright etc.
What do these terms and conditions cover?

These terms and conditions cover all use of any Frontiers-owned websites, whether or not you are registered; the submission, review, acceptance (or rejection) and publication of articles on Frontiers’ publishing platform; and a number of related matters. They are supplemented by Frontiers’ Privacy Policy and Copyright Statement, and by the Loop Terms & Conditions when using the Loop network.

When using this website or the Loop network, registering with Frontiers or Loop, submitting an article or any other content or using any right granted to you concerning this website or its content, you are agreeing to comply with all Frontiers Conditions, including all conditions, policies and statements referred to in these conditions.

When using Frontiers in accordance with these Conditions, you are entitled to use Frontiers’ available functionality except for those facilities where access is restricted or subject to conditions.

You must comply with all copyright and similar notices
3. By registering with Frontiers a legal agreement between yourself and Frontiers is created, which Frontiers and you must comply with.

Registering with Frontiers automatically provides you with a profile on Loop.
Conditions and Rules of Frontiers

By registering with Frontiers or using any of its websites in any way, you are entering into a legal contract with Frontiers, consisting of these conditions, all relevant conditions referred to in these Conditions and all other rules of Frontiers communicated on its websites from time to time. No other conditions or clauses not specifically agreed to by Frontiers in a signed document apply to our relationship.

Frontiers also agrees to comply with its obligations under these conditions and other documents.

Since you automatically obtain a Loop profile upon registering with Frontiers, you must also agree to comply with Loop’s general conditions, which are separate.
4. If you already have a Loop profile you are already a registered user of Frontiers.

You must use your real name.

Your information must be correct and not misleading.
Registering with Frontiers

You may become a registered user of Frontiers by clicking here. You will not be able to register with Frontiers unless you provide the minimum information required. If you already have a Loop profile you are already a registered user of Frontiers.

You should check to ensure that you have only one profile with Frontiers, Loop and Loop partner organisations, where possible, to avoid confusion.

Only natural persons aged 18 or over may register with Frontiers, and you must register in your own name. You may not create more than one profile. You warrant that the information in your Frontiers profile must be truthful and not misleading.

Frontiers may refuse or cancel a registration, at its discretion.
5. Benefits include automatic membership of Loop, ability to submit articles and other content and eligibility to be considered as an editor.

You must comply with all Frontiers rules and with all accepted academic behaviours.

Publication is not guaranteed. Frontiers may remove content.
What it means to register as a user of Frontiers

By registering with Frontiers, you have the following immediate benefits:

- you automatically become a member of the Loop network, with all the benefits offered by Loop
- you may submit articles for peer review and other content, and you become eligible to become a Frontiers editor or reviewer.

Registering with Frontiers also means accepting the following obligations and the following rights of Frontiers:
- you must comply with these general conditions and all other rules and conditions of Frontiers and, when using Loop, the rules and conditions of Loop. This obligation also applies to all users, whether or not registered;
- you must comply with all generally-accepted academic and scientific norms and Frontiers’ own principles;
- you understand that Frontiers is not obliged to publish any content contributed by you, and that Frontiers may remove any content contributed by you, including peer-reviewed articles, which it considers to be in any way inappropriate.
6. You agree to receive communications from us on relevant matters. You may opt out but we may not be able to register you or maintain your registration in such case.

Keep contact details updated.
Communications, including Emails from Frontiers

By registering with Frontiers, you consent to receiving email and other communications from Frontiers and/or Loop.

You may opt out of certain types of messages, such as marketing messages, in your settings, but you may not opt out of messages on matters such as administrative and legal issues, changes in terms and conditions and other necessary communications. If you do not agree to receive such emails and communications, you may not register with Frontiers and Frontiers may cancel any existing registration.

If you change any of your contact details, please immediately amend your details to ensure messages from Frontiers or Loop are not sent to the wrong address.
7. You agree to us storing, processing and using your data as described in our privacy policy. Your data will be transferred outside your home jurisdiction.

Support requests: your basic data will be transferred to Zendesk’s (non-Swiss and non-EU) servers.

You must keep your password secure. Don’t share your account or secret personal information.

Check your profile regularly.

Your public information can be seen worldwide.

You can change your privacy settings in your Loop profile.

Frontiers uses cookies; you may disable them.

We will comply with requests from authorities.
Privacy, Personal Data and Cookies

Frontiers strives to comply, as a minimum, with Swiss and EU laws on privacy and data protection and to apply the principles of recognised cross-border data protection procedures.

By using our websites you confirm that you have read and agree with both Frontiers’ and Loop’s Privacy Policies and that you consent to your data being processed in accordance with those statements.

In particular you consent to processing of your data by Frontiers and its contractors, and to your data being stored on and transferred to servers owned or leased by Frontiers outside Switzerland the European Union.

Frontiers uses a third-party software, Zendesk (, to manage support requests. When requesting assistance from Frontiers’ Support, you are agreeing to comply with Zendesk’s terms ( and that the data contained in your support request will be transferred to servers outside the European Union.

You are responsible for maintaining the security of your password. Do not share your password with any other person. If your password security may have been breached, change it immediately. Choose strong passwords with a mixture of letters, numerals and punctuation marks. Avoid obvious passwords. You must notify Frontiers immediately if you believe that unauthorised access has been gained to your account. Frontiers is not responsible for any damage suffered by you due to a lack of security on your part.

It is important to keep your personal information up to date. Please check it regularly.

Be aware that your public profile may be viewed by any registered user of Frontiers, in any country, and that this involves transfer of your public data (and, depending on your settings, some or all restricted data where the person viewing is within your network) to that country.

To change your privacy settings on Frontiers you need to go to your Loop profile privacy settings, from where your privacy on all Frontiers websites is now managed.

Note that the Loop terms and conditions also contain provisions concerning the checking of your identity with Loop partner organisations.

Cookies: Frontiers may use cookies to remember your profile and preferences. If you do not wish to have the benefit of this functionality, you can disable cookies on your computer.

Authorities: We may be required to disclose your identity and other information about you to relevant authorities investigating possible criminal offences and for other reasons within their authority.

For any question concerning your personal data stored and processed on and by Frontiers, please contact us at
8. Frontiers owns its websites, software, the collection of content and the websites’ look and feel.

Submission of content does not change ownership of it.

You must inform us of any third-party materials in your content.

You guarantee that you have the right to submit content for publication and to grant all rights.
Ownership of Website and Content

Frontiers is the owner of its websites, the software constituting those websites and of all copyright and other intellectual property rights in those assets.

Frontiers is the owner of the combination of all content on its websites and of the look and feel of its websites.

Anyone contributing any content to any Frontiers website remains the owner of that content and of the copyright in that content to the same extent as prior to its submission.

The ownership of any third-party materials included in your content (such as third-party images, graphics etc) remain with that third party unless you have agreed otherwise with that third party. You must inform Frontiers of any third-party materials and any conditions imposed by that third party, and you must also clearly and prominently display any copyright or other notices required by the owner of that content.

By contributing any content to Frontiers, you guarantee to Frontiers that you are the owner of that content or that you have the permission of the owner to post it to Frontiers and to grant the open licences, which we describe below, over that content. If you do not have permission to grant the open licences you must clarify this via appropriate notices attached to that content.
9. You license Frontiers to do anything with your content.

You grant other users a CC-BY licence to your content.

The CC-BY licence is automatically updated.

The CC-BY licence does not cover third-party materials where a copyright notice is attached.

You must attribute original authors and first publication by Frontiers.

Reproduction on certain websites is not permitted.

No denigration of Frontiers.

Others may copy your content subject to attribution.

We may use any ideas of yours, without charge.

Comply with other relevant websites’ conditions.
Licences Granted by Authors and other Contributors

By submitting any content to Frontiers, you grant to Frontiers a non-exclusive, irrevocable, free-of-charge, worldwide right and licence to display, store, copy and re-use that content – including any third-party materials included – in whole and/or in part, including derivative works. You must ensure that you have all necessary permissions from third parties.

When submitting any content to Frontiers, you also grant to the world at large a Creative Commons attribution licence (known as a “CC-BY” licence) over that content. You can not terminate that licence.

In summary, the CC-BY licence means that anyone may copy, re-publish and/or re-use your content for commercial or non-commercial purposes, without charge, but must clearly attribute the work to you and any co-authors and must cite Frontiers as the original publisher of that content. See for more information.

As the Creative Commons organisation updates the CC-BY licence, the licence terms granted by you are automatically updated to the new version.

The CC-BY licence does not apply to any third-party materials where the third party has required a copyright notice to be displayed prohibiting further copying. Anyone using the content concerned must comply with any copyright or other notices on third-party materials; unless it is clear that the third-party content is also subject to a CC-BY licence, it must be assumed that it is not, and may not be reproduced without the express consent of the third party concerned.

Reproduction of all or part of an article is also subject to compliance with usual academic attribution practices, which must be scrupulously complied with in addition to the CC-BY requirements.

The CC-BY licence does not entitle you to reproduce or publish any Frontiers content in any forum (online or not) which advocates any political, religious, anti-religious, racist, extremist, violent or disrespectful viewpoints. You undertake to remove any such content from any such forums immediately on request by Frontiers, where the content was posted by or for you.

You may also not reproduce any content from our websites in order to denigrate Frontiers.

Contributors of any content other than peer-reviewed articles grant the same rights to Frontiers and others as for peer-reviewed articles.

You agree that anyone visiting Frontiers websites may copy and re-post your content freely, without permission and without any charge, subject only to any citation requirements. This is subject to the provisions concerning third-party materials.

You irrevocably grant us permission to use any non-patented ideas set out in your content or in any message sent or submitted to Frontiers, without any charge and without restriction, for any purpose in any part of the world.

Any content of yours appearing on a non-Frontiers website remains subject to the conditions of that website.
10. You may use our websites if you comply with our conditions.

You benefit from the CC-BY licence but not over any restricted third-party materials.

Registered users may link to and from certain websites. Frontiers may remove links.

Uploading videos is subject to all applicable rules and conditions.
Your Rights as a User; Restrictions on Your Rights

As a user, registered or not, you may use all open functionalities of the Frontiers websites as long as you comply with all our conditions and rules. Some functionality may be restricted to registered users or to certain types of users (such as editors).

You may benefit from the CC-BY licence over contributed content as described elsewhere in these conditions, but subject to any third-party copyright notices or similar notices. You may not copy or re-publish third-party materials if a copyright notice prohibits this.

As a registered user you may create links to Frontiers websites from other respectable websites, but not from any website which does not comply with the requirements of these conditions. Frontiers may remove any links and/or to require their removal, and you must comply with such a request. Frontiers is not responsible for the content of third-party websites.

Uploading of videos and similar materials is subject to all related rules, including third-party rules. Be aware of the warranties you give concerning your right to upload any content.
11. You warrant certain important points concerning your article and the underlying research.

Publication is at Frontiers’ discretion and compliance with conditions.

Peer-review does not replace your duty re your article.

You may not submit your article or the research anywhere else until publication or rejection.

Ensure patent applications have been filed prior to publication.

Fees may still be due if publication is cancelled.

Unjustified failure to publish can result in refunding of publication fees.

Other services

Paper pending

You grant Frontiers and users a CC-BY licence.

Frontiers may remove any article.

Frontiers’ additional rights over the published article

Acts of 3rd parties

Acknowledging first publication

No publication in unacceptable forums

Mediation and dispute resolution
Conditions for submission of articles for peer-reviewed publication

Submission of the article

The person submitting an article warrants that
- she/he has the express consent of all co-authors to submit the article and to accept these conditions on behalf of all co-authors. References to the “author” include all co-authors;
- the article is an original research article and does not contain any non-attributed content from any existing source, including the author’s own existing material;
- all findings have been verified in accordance with the highest scientific standards in the relevant field;
- any live animal experiments have been conducted in accordance with all applicable legislation and guidelines and accepted best practices, and the approval body has been identified in the article;
- for experiments on human subjects, the author has identified the approval body in the article and the article states clearly that informed consent was obtained from all subject;
- the article clearly states any financial, commercial or other relationships which may be considered to represent a potential conflict of interest;
- the article is not defamatory, racist or political and does not incite hatred or violence;
- the author has disclosed all relevant facts to Frontiers concerning the author(s), the article, the underlying research and any relevant third party rights;
- the article has not been submitted to or published by any other journal or publication forum (or if it has, it has ben definitively rejected by that other journal or forum);
- all contributors have been adequately acknowledged; and
- the author(s) has/have all permissions and licences necessary for publication by Frontiers of any third-party materials included in or with the article and that the author(s) has/have complied, and will continue to comply, in all respects with all conditions of all relevant permissions and licences. The article does not infringe the rights of any third party.

Publication is subject to (1) acceptance for publication by Frontiers, at Frontiers’ entire discretion, and (2) timely compliance by the author with all relevant obligations, including payment. By submitting the article the author agrees to pay Frontiers’ publication fees if the article is accepted for publication.

The Frontiers peer-review process is not designed to ensure that your article meets all conditions, and it remains your responsibility to ensure that all conditions are complied with.

From the time of first submission of the article to Frontiers until the moment of publication or (if relevant) notification of rejection, the author undertakes not to submit the article, nor any abstract or derivation of the article or report of the research covered by the article, for publication to any other journal or forum, and not to publish any such materials (or the findings reported) in any form or in any forum. Once published by Frontiers, the author is free to make any such submission or publication, but not on any website or in any forum which itself does not comply with the principles in these conditions.

You must ensure that all patent applications have been filed prior to publication. Frontiers is not liable for public disclosure of your discovery or invention.

If Frontiers cancels publication due to a breach of these conditions by the author, the author shall nevertheless be liable for publication fees if invoiced by Frontiers.

If Frontiers unjustifiably fails to publish the article within a reasonable period of its final acceptance and payment by the author, Frontiers shall refund the publication fee, to the exclusion of any other liability of Frontiers for such failure.

Publication fees do not cover any additional services.

Frontiers usually publishes a “paper pending” abstract upon the start of the review process.

The Published Article

The article will be published with the name(s) and affiliation(s) of the author(s) and the name of the reviewers.

The author grants to Frontiers and all third parties a Creative Commons CC-BY licence in accordance with the terms for that licence as may be published by from time to time. Information concerning the CC-BY licence is contained elsewhere in these conditions.

Frontiers reserves the right to remove any content, including peer-reviewed articles, which in its view breach any applicable conditions of Frontiers and/or which in Frontiers’ view are inappropriate in any way. Such removal does not entitle the author to reimbursement of any publication fees.

Frontiers may republish and/or adapt the article in any way and/or create derivative works, for example translating or summarising it or any other adaptation. Frontiers may generate income for itself from the published article and may create links from and to the article.

Frontiers is not liable for the acts of third parties.

The author must, on any subsequent republication by or for the author, ensure that first publication by Frontiers is acknowledged with adequate prominence.

The author may not publish, or permit to be published, the article in any forum not complying with the requirements in these Conditions.


The author undertakes to exhaust Frontiers’ own mediation processes prior to commencing any formal dispute resolution mechanisms, which are exclusively those set out in these Conditions, to the exclusion of all other procedures.
12. (Examples below, full list is opposite.)

You are responsible for all content and links you submit to Frontiers.

You must be polite and respectful, and comply with all accepted norms and etiquette, and with Frontiers’ own scientific and ethical principles.

Do not plagiarise your own work or that of others.

No malicious, harmful, discriminatory, defamatory etc content.

No advertising, spam or promotional content without our specific agreement.

Non-complying content may be removed and other consequences may follow.

The full list of rules is set out opposite.

Frontiers may remove content.

We are not responsible for content.

Adjust your privacy settings as you wish.
Rules on Content

These rules on content apply both to peer-reviewed articles and non peer-reviewed content. You must ensure that your content, and the content of websites to which you post links, comply with all Frontiers rules and conditions, including these general conditions. Your content must also comply with all generally accepted scientific and academic norms.

In particular (but without limiting the general obligation) content must:

- be accurate or be genuinely believed to be accurate after duly rigorous investigation (where it states facts)
- only state opinions which are genuinely held
- comply with all accepted citation rules and norms as well as give appropriate credit for contributions
- comply with all accepted ethical rules and norms, including any ethical guidelines we may publish
- not infringe any intellectual property rights (including copyright and database rights) of any person
- be the subject of any necessary consents or authorisations
- not breach any conditions of any website or other forum from which that content was copied or derived, or to which you provide a link, or from which you have provided a link to our website
- not be defamatory
- not be malicious, offensive, discriminatory, threatening, racist, extremist, promote hatred or violence or denigrate any person, group of people or set of beliefs, or provide any link to any such material
- only be for the purpose of furthering scientific and academic discourse in good faith, and in particular not be for the purpose, or have the effect, of promoting any commercial offering, service, product or interest without Frontiers’ prior explicit agreement
- not give a false impression that they emanate from Frontiers or are approved by Frontiers, or otherwise be misleading in any way
- not be pornographic or indecent
- remain polite and respectful, especially when disagreeing
- not ascribe any negative psychological or other labels or descriptions to any named or identifiable person without that person’s specific consent to such label or description
- not be for the purpose, or have the primary effect, of promoting any political, religious or anti-religious views
- not disclose confidential information, including personal data of others, without the consent of the owner of that information or data
- comply with all applicable laws
- not advocate, refer to or provide a link to any website or content which would itself infringe any of these principles.

We may remove any content, including peer-reviewed articles, at our discretion. You may also request deletion of content and we will consider such requests in their context. We may insert a place-holder to indicate that a comment has been deleted. We may retain deleted comments in our database.

Frontiers is not responsible for content posted by members, including the content of peer-reviewed articles.

Content you post will by default be visible to others. You may alter your settings to reduce access to your content (but not to peer-reviewed articles) by editing the default settings for each post you make.

Any content posted by you may be commented on, copied, quoted and linked to by others.

When deleting any content, Frontiers may insert a place holder. Frontiers may keep copies of deleted content.

If you believe any content breaches any of these requirements, please contact us at
13. Frontiers has a sponsorship programme.

Unauthorised promotion is not permitted.

Advertising and promotion by specific agreement only.
Advertising, Commercial Promotion and Sponsorships

Sponsorship programmes: Frontiers has sponsorship programmes for research topics and other areas. If you are interested in becoming a sponsor, please contact us at

Promotional Messages: Messages promoting a commercial offering are not permitted without Frontiers’ written agreement.

Advertising: Frontiers does not currently have an advertising programme. Such a programme may be introduced in the future. If you wish to advertise on Frontiers websites, please contact us at
14. No promises are made re website availability.

Services may be suspended or discontinued.

There may in the future be charges for some services.

Services and facilities may not be constantly or indefinitely available.

We do not promise to keep or back up all your content.

We can not guarantee to repel all malicious software and attacks.
Availability; Viruses and Attacks; Bugs and Errors

Frontiers does not promise that its websites or functionality, nor any applications, widgets or other ways of accessing Frontiers’ services, will be available for any given proportion of time. The website may be down for maintenance or upgrades, for which Frontiers will try to provide reasonable notice, and it may unexpectedly crash or be down. We strive to avoid bugs through active maintenance but do not guarantee that the website will be bug- and error-free.

The constant or long-term availability of the various facilities and services provided by Frontiers is not guaranteed. Services may be upgraded, improved, amended, curtailed or withdrawn. We are not liable for the withdrawal of any service or functionality. Frontiers may in the future charge for some or all services.

You should keep back-ups of any content which you do not wish to lose. We do not guarantee to keep back-up copies of content (but we are entitled to do so).

Frontiers will use appropriate tools to attempt to minimise attacks of all kind but does not warrant that the website, or links posted by users, will be free from third-party viruses and other malicious third-party software.
15. You guarantee that Frontiers can lawfully publish your content.

Frontiers owns the combination of all content on its websites.

Frontiers owns its software and trademarks and reserves all rights in all its intellectual property.

Trade marks.
Ownership and Rights

You guarantee to Frontiers that you are entitled to permit Frontiers to publish content submitted by you.

Frontiers Media SA is the sole owner of it websites, including the Frontiers publication platform website and the Loop network and website.

Frontiers is the owner of the combination of content on its website and the look and feel of all its websites, and all rights associated with any such assets.

Frontiers is also the sole owner, or licensee, of all copyright and other intellectual property rights in the software constituting its website. Your permission to use Frontiers websites is restricted to the use of those websites for lawful purposes in compliance with these conditions and any other conditions or rules put in place by Frontiers. All rights in any copyright material belonging to Frontiers are reserved.

“Frontiers In” and “Loop” are registered trade marks of Frontiers Media SA.
16. These are prohibited on our site (examples here – full list in the main column):

Data harvesting, automated data collection.

Activities harmful to Frontiers or its websites, or to other users.

Advertising and promotion except by agreement

Politics, threats, discrimination, extremism, racism, violence.

Insults, defamation.

Unauthorised access to, or any damaging act on, our software.
Prohibited Activities

The following activities are prohibited on Frontiers’ websites and can result in your registration being suspended or terminated, which Frontiers expressly reserves the right to do, and in your being liable to indemnify Frontiers as provided in these Conditions.

- Any automated or robotic data collection, scraping or crawling Frontiers websites for data of any kind
- Gaining or attempting to gain access to another user’s account without that user’s explicit and informed permission
- Disguising your identity when interacting in any way on Frontiers’ websites
- Any activity which is designed to, or is likely to, cause any harm or damage to Frontiers, any of Frontiers’ suppliers or any users of Frontiers’ facilities
- Any attempt to copy or reverse-engineer the code forming the website or any of its functionalities
- Any act intended or likely to cause any damage to any Frontiers website, its availability on the internet, its underlying software or reputation, including (but not limited to) denial of service attacks
- Uploading or placing on any Frontiers website, or in any website to which you provide links, any virus or other harmful or undesirable code
- Any fraudulent, harmful or illegal activity
- Any attempt to gain unauthorised access to databases or other resources of Frontiers or its suppliers
- Posting or linking to any content which does not comply in all respects with the content requirements set out in these conditions
- Posting of any sensitive personal information of any other person without that person’s explicit informed consent
- The posting of any commercial or promotional content, or any content which includes promotion of any commercial or business offering, without a specific agreement with Frontiers in that respect
- The mounting or promotion of any pyramid scheme or other multi-level marketing scheme
- Posting or linking to any content which is inconsistent with our rules, principles and/or standards
- Reproduction, duplication, copying or re-selling any part of any Frontiers website except as specifically permitted by these Conditions.
17. Beware of mobile data charges of your provider. Mobile Access

When accessing Frontiers websites via a mobile device, be aware that your provider may be charging for data use.

We may make access available via applications, which may be withdrawn and whose availability and functionality we do not guarantee.
18. If your rights have been infringed please follow our process for addressing the issue. Infringement of Your Rights

We believe in respecting the rights of all, including rights granted by law and those generally accepted in academia. If you believe your rights have been infringed, please contact us at this address:
19. You (and not your employer) have to indemnify us for any cost, loss or damage we suffer due to your breach.

We may also remove content.
Indemnity for Breach of these Conditions

If you breach these terms we may suffer damage. You promise to indemnify us for every cost, loss or damage we suffer due to your failure to comply with all of our conditions and rules, so that you put us into the position in which we would have been if you had complied in all respects with our rules. This obligation applies to you as author, and not to your employer. The costs to be indemnified include our internal costs, legal costs and any other costs incurred in connection with our bringing any claim against you.

Frontiers may also cancel any publication of yours and may cancel any initiative (such as research topics) if you breach these conditions.
20. Frontiers may refuse and/or exclude users. Frontiers may refuse and/or exclude users.

We expressly reserve the right to refuse applications to register with Frontiers and/or to suspend or cancel the accounts of users, at our discretion.
21. Amendment of these and other conditions may be communicated by email and/or by notice on login. Please log out and log in frequently. Amendments are binding upon their communication being made available. Amendment of Conditions

These Conditions, and other conditions and rules of Frontiers and Loop, will be amended from time to time. Amendments will be communicated in the manner(s) appearing most appropriate to Frontiers. This may include email and/or notification at login. For this reason you should log out and log back in frequently to your Frontiers and Loop accounts to ensure you are aware of changes to Conditions. Amendments take effect upon that communication being made available to you, whether or not you actually log in to receive the information.
22. Frontiers gives no warranties or guarantees concerning its website or their contents. Your use of these websites and your reliance on any content is at your own risk. DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES


23. Frontiers is not liable to you for your use of Frontiers websites or content on those websites, nor that of any linked or partner website or linked material. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY


Nothing in these Conditions for Website Use shall limit or exclude, or be interpreted as intending to limit or exclude, Frontiers’ liability for gross negligence (as defined under Swiss law) or for deliberate wrongdoing, or for any other matter for which, under any applicable law, liability can not be limited or excluded.
24. Claims to be brought within one year. Deadline for bringing claims

Any claim against Frontiers must be brought within one year of your becoming aware of the existence of that claim.
25. Non-enforcement is not waiver. Failure to enforce rights

No failure to enforce a right shall constitute a waiver of any subsequent breach of a promise not to enforce that right.
26. No assignment of rights, obligations. No assignment of rights, obligations.

You may not assign any of your rights or obligations in any aspect of your relationship with Frontiers.
27. Circumstances beyond reasonable control; try to fulfil obligations as best possible. Force Majeure

Neither you nor Frontiers are / is liable for failure to fulfil obligations due to circumstances beyond the reasonable control of the affected party, but both you and Frontiers undertake to take all reasonable measures to limit the duration and effect of those circumstances and to find other ways of fulfilling your obligations.
28. Our relations are governed exclusively by Swiss law and any disputes are exclusively subject to the jurisdiction of the courts in Vaud, Switzerland. Governing Law and Jurisdiction

Your agreement with Frontiers, including these conditions and all other matters referred to above, is governed exclusively by the laws of Switzerland. You and Frontiers agree to seek in good faith to resolve any disputes through good-faith discussion, negotiation and mediation before resorting to litigation. Any dispute not so resolved shall be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of the Canton of Vaud, Switzerland. Frontiers does not accept any other jurisdiction unless otherwise explicitly agreed by it in writing. You will consent to any action by us taken to stop or prevent you from bringing an action in breach of this clause, and to indemnify us for our costs in bringing such an action.

These General Conditions for Use of Frontiers websites came into effect on 12th January, 2015.