Frontiers journals are at the top of citation and impact metrics

Review ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Built Environ. | doi: 10.3389/fbuil.2018.00085

Review of emerging additive manufacturing technologies in 3D printing of cementitious materials in the construction industry

 Pshtiwan Shakor1, 2*, Shami Nejadi3, Gavin Paul4 and  Sardar Malek3
  • 1University of Technology Sydney, Australia
  • 2Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Technology Sydney, Australia
  • 3School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Technology Sydney, Australia
  • 4School of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Technology Sydney, Australia

Additive manufacturing is a fabrication technology that is rapidly revolutionising the manufacturing and construction sectors. In this paper, a review of various prototyping technologies for printing cementitious materials and selected 3D printing techniques are presented in detail. Benchmark examples are provided to compare three well-known printing techniques; inkjet printing (binder jetting), selected laser sintering (SLS) and extrusion printing (FDM). A comprehensive search in the literature was conducted to identify various mix designs that could be employed when printing cementitious materials. Aspects of concrete mix design are described, and some new experiments are conducted to analyse the printability of new mixes by the authors. Future research in the area of the rheology of cementitious materials and its relationship with the structural performance of finished concretes are highlighted.

Keywords: 3D printing (3DP), Construction, cement, concrete mix design, Extrusion, inkjet printing

Received: 29 Sep 2018; Accepted: 19 Dec 2018.

Edited by:

Michele Palermo, University of Bologna, Italy

Reviewed by:

Henrique D. Almeida, Polytechnic Institute of Leiria, Portugal
Philippe Morel, Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture Paris-Malaquais, France  

Copyright: © 2018 Shakor, Nejadi, Paul and Malek. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Mr. Pshtiwan Shakor, University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, Australia, pshtiwan.shakor@uts.edu.au