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Original Research ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Cell Dev. Biol. | doi: 10.3389/fcell.2019.00225

JIP1 deficiency protects retinal ganglion cells from apoptosis in a rotenone-induced injury model

 Wenyi Liu1, Xue Li1,  Xi Chen1, Jieqiong Zhang1, Linlin Luo1, Qiumei Hu1,  Jiaxing Zhou1, Jun Yan2,  Sen Lin1* and  Jian Ye1*
  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Daping Hospital, China
  • 2Daping Hospital & Research Institute of Surgery, China

Retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) undergo apoptosis after injury. c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)-interacting protein 1 (JIP1) is a scaffold protein that is relevant to JNK activation and is a known key molecule that regulates neuronal apoptosis. However, the specific role of JIP1 in the apoptosis of RGCs is currently undefined. Here, we used JIP1 gene knockout (KO) mice to investigate the importance of JIP1-JNK signaling in the apoptosis of RGCs in a rotenone-induced injury model. In adult JIP1 KO mice, the number and electrophysiological function of RGCs were not different from those of wild-type (WT) mice. Ablation of JIP1 attenuated the activation of JNK and the cleavage of caspase-3 in the retina after rotenone injury and contributed to a lower number of TUNEL-positive RGCs, a greater percentage of surviving RGCs, and a significant reduction in the electrophysiological functional loss of RGCs when compared to those in WT controls. We also found that JIP1 was located in the neurites of primary RGCs, but accumulated in the soma in response to rotenone treatment. Meanwhile, the number of TUNEL-positive RGCs, the activation of JNK and the cleavage of caspase-3 were reduced in primary JIP1-deficient RGCs after rotenone injury compared to those in WT controls. Together, our results demonstrate that JIP1 deficiency-mediated activation of JNK contributes to the apoptosis of RGCs in a rotenone-induced injury model in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that JIP1 may be a potential therapeutic target for RGC degeneration.

Keywords: JIP1, RGC (retinal ganglion cell), Apoptosis, JNK (c-Jun N-Terminal kinase), LHON (Leber hereditary optic neuropathy)

Received: 01 Jul 2019; Accepted: 24 Sep 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 Liu, Li, Chen, Zhang, Luo, Hu, Zhou, Yan, Lin and Ye. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence:
PhD. Sen Lin, Department of Ophthalmology, Daping Hospital, Chongqing, China, sam.lin@dphospital.tmmu.edu.cn
MD, PhD. Jian Ye, Department of Ophthalmology, Daping Hospital, Chongqing, China, yejian1979@163.com