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Original Research ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Chem. | doi: 10.3389/fchem.2019.00728

Synthesis, Crystal Structures and Photoluminescent Properties of One-Dimensional Europium(III)- and Terbium(III)-Glutarate Coordination Polymers, and Their Applications for the Sensing of Fe3+ and Nitroaromatics

  • 1School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Henan Normal University, China
  • 2Department of Chemistry, School of Natural and Computing Sciences, University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom
  • 3Department of Chemistry, School of Science, Loughborough University, United Kingdom
  • 4College of Sciences and Humanities, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia

Two lanthanide–glutarate coordination polymers, viz.: {[Eu(C5H6O4)(H2O)4]Cl}n, (1) and [Tb(C5H7O4)(C5H6O4)(H2O)2]n, (2) have been synthesized and characterized by IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis and X-ray crystallography. In 1, the Eu(III) ions are coordinated by four O atoms from two bidentate chelating carboxylates, one O atom from a bridging carboxylate and four O atoms from water molecules adopting an EuO9 muffin shaped coordination geometry. In 2, the Tb(III) ions are coordinated by six O atoms from three bidentate chelating carboxylates, one O atom from a bridging carboxylate and two O atoms from water molecules to generate muffin like TbO9 polyhedron. In both compounds, the metal polyhedra share edges, producing centrosymmetric Ln2O2 diamonds, and are linked into [001] chains by bridging glutarate di-anions. The crystal structures are stabilized by O–HO and O–HCl hydrogen bonds in 1, and O–HO hydrogen bonds in 2. Compound 1 exhibits a red emission attributed to the 5D0 → 7FJ (J = 1–4) transitions of the Eu(III) ion, whereas 2 displays green emission corresponding to the 5D4 → 7FJ (J = 0–6) transitions of the Tb(III) ion. Both the compounds exhibit high sensitivity and selectivity for Fe3+ ions due to luminescence quenching compared to other metal ions, which include; Na+, Mg2+, Al3+, Cr3+, Mn2+, Fe2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Zn2+ and Cd2+. Compounds 1 and 2 also show high luminescence quenching sensitivity for 4-nitrophenol over the other aromatic and nitroaromatic compounds, namely; bromobenzene, 1,3-dimethylbenzene, nitrobenzene, 4-nitrotolune, 4-nitrophenol, 2,6-dinitrophenol and 2,4,6-trinitrophenol.

Keywords: Europium(III), TERBIUM(III), Glutarate, X-ray structure, Luminescence, Sensors

Received: 28 Jun 2019; Accepted: 11 Oct 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 Hussain, Chen, Harrison, Elsegood, Ahmad, Li and Awoyelu. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence:
Dr. Sajjad Hussain, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang, China, sajjaduet07@yahoo.com
Prof. Xuenian Chen, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang, China, xnchen@htu.edu.cn