Batteries Safety: State of the Art and Current Challenges
- 1University of California, Santa Barbara, United States
- 2Nazarbayev University School of Science and Technology, Kazakhstan
- 3Warwick Centre for Predictive Modelling, School of Engineering, Faculty of Science, University of Warwick, United Kingdom
In this growing age of clean energy and the use of power storage to circumvent the use of traditional fossil fuel technologies, batteries of greater capacity, storage and power are increasingly becoming indispensable. New chemistries are being developed to increase the capacity of traditional lithium ion batteries and to develop batteries beyond Lithium ion. Promising high capacity cathodes and anodes are developed however their large-scale deployment is hindered due to safety concerns. In this review, we will summarize the state of the art of lithium ion batteries safety, highlight current challenges and outline the most advanced safety features that may be incorporated to improve battery safety for both lithium ion and batteries beyond lithium ion. Of particular interest is the issue of thermal runaway mitigation by incorporation of novel nano-materials and advanced technologies.
Keywords: lithium ion batteries, Batteries safety, Thermal runaway, Smart Separators, Lithium Dendrites Suppression, Electrolyte safety, Structured Current Collectors
Received: 02 Feb 2019;
Accepted: 12 Jul 2019.
Edited by:Qingsong Wang, University of Science and Technology of China, China
Reviewed by:Hailei Zhao, University of Science and Technology Beijing, China
Huan Pang, Yangzhou University, China
Copyright: © 2019 Ould Ely, Kamzabek and Chakraborty. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Dr. Teyeb Ould Ely, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, United States, Ouldely00@ucsb.edu