Molecular Evolution and Interaction of Membrane Transport and Photoreception in Plants
- 1School of Science and Health, Western Sydney University, Australia
- 2College of Agriculture & Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, China
- 3Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University, Australia
Light is a vital regulator that controls physiological and cellular responses to regulate plant growth, development, yield and quality. Light is the driving force for electron and ion transport in the thylakoid membrane and other membranes of plant cells. In different plant species and cell types, light activates photoreceptors thereby modulating plasma membrane transport. Plants maximize their growth and photosynthesis by facilitating the coordinated regulation of ion channels, pumps and co-transporters across membranes to fine-tune nutrient uptake. The signal-transducing functions associated with membrane transporters, pumps and channels impart a complex array of mechanisms to regulate plant responses to light. The identification of light responsive membrane transport components and understanding of their potential interaction with photoreceptors will elucidate how light-activated signalling pathways optimise plant growth, production, and nutrition to the prevailing environmental changes. This review summarises the mechanisms underlying the physiological and molecular regulation of light-induced membrane transport and their potential interaction with photoreceptors in a plant evolutionary and nutrition context. It will shed new light on plant ecological conservation as well as agricultural production and crop quality, bringing potential nutrition and health benefits to humans and animals.
Keywords: Light, photoreceptors, membrane transporters, membrane potential, Ion flux, crop nutrition
Received: 03 Aug 2018;
Accepted: 06 Sep 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Babla, Cai, Chen, Tissue, Cazzonelli and Chen. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Prof. Zhong-Hua Chen, School of Science and Health, Western Sydney University, Penrith South, 2751, New South Wales, Australia, email@example.com