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Original Research ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Genet. | doi: 10.3389/fgene.2019.01105

Identification of Novel Microsatellite Markers Flanking the SMN1 and SMN2 Duplicated Region and Inclusion into a Single-Tube Tridecaplex Panel for Haplotype-Based Preimplantation Genetic Testing of Spinal Muscular Atrophy

 Mingjue Zhao1,  Mulias Lian2, Felicia S. Cheah2, Arnold S. Tan1, Anupriya Agarwal3 and  Samuel S. Chong1, 2, 4*
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore
  • 2Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis Center, Khoo Teck Puat – National University Children’s Medical Institute, National University Health System, Singapore
  • 3Clinic for Human Reproduction, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National University Hospital, Singapore
  • 4Molecular Diagnosis Center and Clinical Cytogenetics Service, Department of Laboratory Medicine, National University Hospital, Singapore

Preimplantation genetic testing for the monogenic disorder (PGT-M) spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is significantly improved by supplementation of SMN1 deletion detection with marker-based linkage analysis. To expand the availability of informative markers for PGT-M of SMA, we identified novel non-duplicated and highly polymorphic microsatellite markers closely flanking the SMN1 and SMN2 duplicated region. Six of the novel markers within 0.5 Mb of the 1.7 Mb duplicated region containing SMN1 and SMN2 (SMA6863, SMA6873, SMA6877, SMA7093, SMA7115, and SMA7120) and seven established markers (D5S1417, D5S1413, D5S1370, D5S1408, D5S610, D5S1999, and D5S637), all with predicted high heterozygosity values, were selected and optimized in a tridecaplex-PCR panel, and their polymorphism indices were determined in two populations. Observed marker heterozygosities in the Chinese and Caucasian populations ranged from 0.54 to 0.86, and 98.4% of genotyped individuals (185 of 188) were heterozygous for ≥2 markers on either side of SMN1. The marker panel was evaluated for disease haplotype phasing using single cells from two parent-child trios after whole genome amplification, and applied to a clinical IVF PGT-M cycle in an at-risk couple, in parallel with SMN1 deletion detection. Both direct and indirect test methods determined that none of five tested embryos were at risk for SMA, with haplotype analysis further identifying one embryo as unaffected and four as carriers. Fresh transfer of the unaffected embryo did not lead to implantation, but subsequent frozen-thaw transfer of a carrier embryo produced a pregnancy, with fetal genotype confirmed by amniocentesis, and a live birth at term.

Keywords: microsatellite, preimplantation genetic testing for monogenic disorders (PGT-M), spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), spinal motor neuron (SMN), Multiplex-PCR, haplotype

Received: 25 Mar 2019; Accepted: 11 Oct 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 Zhao, Lian, Cheah, Tan, Agarwal and Chong. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Samuel S. Chong, National University of Singapore, Department of Pediatrics, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, Singapore, 119077, Singapore, samuel_chong@nuhs.edu.sg