Mini Review ARTICLE
Lessons Learned from the U.S. Ocean Observatories Initiative
- 1Consortium For Ocean Leadership, United States
- 2Oregon State University, United States
- 3University of Washington, United States
- 4Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, United States
- 5Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark, United States
The Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI) is a United States National Science Foundation-funded major research facility that provides continuous observations of the ocean and seafloor from coastal and open ocean locations in the Atlantic and Pacific. Multiple cycles of OOI infrastructure deployment, recovery, and refurbishment have occurred since operations began in 2014. This heterogeneous ocean observing infrastructure with multidisciplinary sampling in important but challenging locations has provided new scientific and engineering insights into the operation of a sustained ocean observing system. This paper summarizes the challenges, successes, and failures experienced to date and shares recommendations on best practices that will be of benefit to the global ocean observing community.
Keywords: Ocean observing, Lessons learned, technology development, Best praclices, Equipment testing
Received: 28 Sep 2018;
Accepted: 06 Dec 2018.
Edited by:Laura Lorenzoni, University of South Florida, United States
Reviewed by:Andrea J. Fassbender, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI), United States
George Petihakis, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (HCMR), Greece
Copyright: © 2018 Smith, Yarincik, Vaccari, Kaplan, Barth, Cram, Fram, Harrington, Kawka, Kelley, Matthias, Newhall, Palanza, Plueddemann, Vardaro, White and Weller. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Ms. Kristen Yarincik, Consortium For Ocean Leadership, Washington D.C., United States, email@example.com