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Front. Mar. Sci. | doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00122

The North Atlantic Aerosol and Marine Ecosystem Study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview

  • 1Oregon State University, United States
  • 2Langley Research Center, United States
  • 3University of Washington, United States
  • 4Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, United States
  • 5University of Virginia, United States
  • 6National Institute of Aerospace, United States
  • 7Goddard Space Flight Center, United States
  • 8University of California, Santa Barbara, United States
  • 9Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (NOAA), United States
  • 10Plymouth Marine Laboratory, United Kingdom
  • 11Rutgers University, The State University of New Jersey, United States
  • 12University of Maine, United States
  • 13Texas A&M University, United States
  • 14Goddard Institute for Space Studies (NASA), United States
  • 15Skidaway Institute of Oceanography, Odum School of Ecology, University of Georgia, United States
  • 16University of South Florida St. Petersburg, United States
  • 17Coastal Resources Center, University of Rhode Island, United States
  • 18University of Rhode Island, Graduate School of Oceanography, United States
  • 19University of Oklahoma, United States
  • 20University of California, Irvine, United States
  • 21Langley Research Center, United States

The North Atlantic Aerosols and Marine Ecosystems Study (NAAMES) is an interdisciplinary investigation to improve understanding of Earth’s ocean ecosystem-aerosol-cloud system. Specific overarching science objectives for NAAMES are to (1) characterize plankton ecosystem properties during primary phases of the annual cycle and their dependence on environmental forcings, (2) determine how these phases interact to recreate each year the conditions for an annual plankton bloom, and (3) resolve how remote marine aerosols and boundary layer clouds are influenced by plankton ecosystems. Four NAAMES field campaigns were conducted in the western subarctic Atlantic between November 2015 and April 2018, with each campaign targeting specific seasonal events in the annual plankton cycle. A broad diversity of measurements were collected during each campaign, including ship, aircraft, autonomous float and drifter, and satellite observations. Here, we present an overview of NAAMES science motives, experimental design, and measurements. We then briefly describe conditions and accomplishments during each of the four field campaigns and provide information on how to access NAAMES data. The intent of this manuscript is to familiarize the broad scientific community with NAAMES and to provide a common reference overview of the project for upcoming publications.

Keywords: North Atlantic Aerosols and Marine Ecosystems Study, plankton blooms and annual cycles, Marine aerosols and ions, Clouds, field campaign

Received: 13 Sep 2018; Accepted: 28 Feb 2019.

Edited by:

Tilmann Harder, University of Bremen, Germany

Reviewed by:

Hugh Ducklow, Columbia University, United States
CASSANDRA GASTON, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, United States  

Copyright: © 2019 Behrenfeld, Moore, Hostetler, Graff, Gaube, russell, Chen, Doney, Giovannoni, Liu, Proctor, Bolaños, Huynh, Davie-Martin, Westberry, Bates, Bell, Bidle, Boss, Brooks, Cairns, Carlson, Halsey, Harvey, Hu, Karp-Boss, Kleb, Menden-Deuer, Morison, Quinn, Scarino, Anderson, Chowdhary, Crosbie, Ferrare, Hair, Hu, Janz, Redemann, Saltzman, Shook, Siegel, Yang Martin and Ziemba. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Prof. Michael J. Behrenfeld, Oregon State University, Corvallis, United States, mjb@science.oregonstate.edu