Original Research ARTICLE
Sandwich-type composites based on smart ionomeric polymer and electrospun microfibers
- 1Institute of Polymer Science and Technology (ICTP), Spain
- 2Rey Juan Carlos University, Spain
Take advance of the fiber-reinforced polymer process, commonly used in the fabrication of polymer composites, in this work we used electrospun microfibers to reinforce self-healing ionomeric polymers creating a sandwich-type composites. In particular, three-layer stack with poly(lactic acid), PLA, electrospun fibers in between two layers of commercial smart polymers has been obtained based on poly(ethylene-co-methacrylic acid ) (EMAA) copolymers, well-know with the tradename of Nucrel® and Surlyn®, both of them manufactured by Dupont™ Company. Surlyn® is the corresponding ionomer of Nucrel® in which the MAA groups are partially neutralized with sodium ions. In general, one of the main problem of thermoplastic composites is the high viscosity of the molten matrix, which leads to a difficult impregnation of the fiber bundle. Therefore, in this work, we used electrospun microfibers in order to solve impregnation problem, thus considering that electrospinning process is a simple, flexible and low-cost technique for fibers formation in the range of micron and nanometers. In order to create the sandwich-type structure, firstly, the optimization of the processing window has achieved in order to maintain the randomly oriented fiber structure on the final composites. In particular, the creation of sandwich-type structure with Surlyn® reinforced with woven non-woven electrospun fibers based on PLA with enhanced mechanical as well as hardness and wear resistance can be used for future active packaging solutions.
Keywords: Sandwich, Electrospun micro/nanofibers, PLA, Ionomer, EMAA copolymer, Polymer Composites
Received: 30 Jul 2019;
Accepted: 08 Nov 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Sessini, Lopez, Leones, Ureña and Peponi. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Dr. Laura Peponi, Institute of Polymer Science and Technology (ICTP), Madrid, 28006, Madrid, Spain, firstname.lastname@example.org