The Genus Echinops: Phytochemistry and Biological Activities: A Review
- 1Mekelle University, Ethiopia
- 2Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
The genus Echinops belongs to the family of Asteraceae and comprises about 130 spices. Many species belonging to the genus Echinops are traditionally used as medicinals mainly in Africa and Asia. The genus is reported to contain diverse secondary metabolites. The aim of this review is to critically evaluate the available research reports on the genus and systematically organize the findings. Information for this study was obtained using various search engines including PubMed and Google Scholar. This review revealed that the genus is used traditionally to treat pain, inflammation, respiratory diseases, diseases caused by different microorganisms, as an aphrodisiac, to fasten expulsion of placenta, and for removal of renal stones. More than 151 secondary metabolites have been reported from the genus in which thiophenic compounds held the biggest share. Various extracts, essential oils and isolated compounds from members of this genus are shown to exhibit different biological effects mainly anti-microbial, anti-proliferative, and anti-inflammatory. However, there are a number of species in this genus that are claimed to have traditional medicinal uses but their biological effect not yet been evaluated.
Keywords: Echinops, thiophene, phytochemistry, Asteracae, Pharmacological activity, Traditional use
Received: 17 Nov 2018;
Accepted: 27 Sep 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Bitew and Hymete. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Mrs. Helen Bitew, Mekelle University, Mek'ele, Ethiopia, email@example.com