Original Research ARTICLE
N, N-Dimethlyacetamide Prevents the High-Fat Diet-Induced Increase in Body Weight
- 1University of Zurich, Switzerland
- 2Oral Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Department of Cranio-Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, Center for Dental Medicine, University of Zurich, Switzerland
- 3Dept. Craniomaxillofacial Surgery/Bioengineering, University of Zurich, Switzerland
Increased body weight caused by visceral fat accumulation is on the rise and is reaching epidemic proportions worldwide. Hence, means and ways to tackle the problem of increased adiposity is of utmost importance. In this work, we report the effect of a water-soluble small molecule N, N-Dimethlyacetamide (DMA) on weight gain and adiposity in vitro and in vivo.
To monitor the in vitro effect of DMA on adipogensisis, 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and pluripotent C2C12 cells were differentiated to adipocytes in the presence of DMA (5mM and 10mM). Oil red O staining and RT-PCR were performed to evaluate the differentiation to adipocytes. To study the in vivo effect of DMA on body weight, experiments were done with C57BL/6J male mice (6 weeks old). The mice were randomly assigned to receive either high-fat diet (HFD; 45% fat) or a normal diet (7% fat) and were either intraperitoneally injected with DMA or PBS once a week for 20 weeks. Glucose tolerance test was performed on living mice. Post-experiment, the epididymal and subcutaneous adipose tissue were excised from the sacrificed animal, and histology, RT-PCR and plasma triglyceride assay were performed. DMA had no inhibitory effect on adipocyte differentiation when applied only once. However, sustained treatment with DMA inhibited the adipocyte differentiation in both 3T3-L1 and C2C12 cells, and significantly lowered the expression of adipocyte markers, in particular, fatty acid-binding protein 4 (fabp4). Under HFD, C57BL/6J mice treated with DMA had lower body weight compared with PBS treatment. Moreover, the HFD-induced higher body weight was controlled when the mice were switched from PBS to DMA treatment. Further, the HFD-mediated adipocyte hypertrophy from epididymal and subcutaneous adipose tissue was significantly reduced with DMA treatment. Interestingly, the glucose clearance and triglyceride levels in the plasma were improved in mice when DMA treatment was initiated early.
Taken together, our results show that DMA exhibits a clear potential to prevent weight gain and restricts adiposity in response to high-fat feeding.
Keywords: N, N-Dimethyacetamide, high-fat diet, Body Weight, Adiposity, Adipogenesis, fat
Received: 21 May 2019;
Accepted: 04 Oct 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Bhattacharya, Ghayor, Pèrez Dominguez and Weber. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Prof. Franz E. Weber, University of Zurich, Dept. Craniomaxillofacial Surgery/Bioengineering, Zürich, 8091, Switzerland, Franz.Weber@zzm.uzh.ch