TY - JOUR
AU - Daroczy, Gabriella
AU - Wolska, Magdalena
AU - Meurers, Walt Detmar
AU - Nuerk, Hans-Christoph
PY - 2015
M3 - 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00348
SP - 348
TI - Word problems: a review of linguistic and numerical factors contributing to their difficulty
JO - Frontiers in Psychology
UR - https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00348
VL - 6
SN - 1664-1078
N2 - Word problems (WPs) belong to the most difficult and complex problem types that pupils encounter during their elementary-level mathematical development. In the classroom setting, they are often viewed as merely arithmetic tasks; however, recent research shows that a number of linguistic verbal components not directly related to arithmetic contribute greatly to their difficulty. In this review, we will distinguish three components of WP difficulty: (i) the linguistic complexity of the problem text itself, (ii) the numerical complexity of the arithmetic problem, and (iii) the relation between the linguistic and numerical complexity of a problem. We will discuss the impact of each of these factors on WP difficulty and motivate the need for a high degree of control in stimuli design for experiments that manipulate WP difficulty for a given age group.
ER -