%A Si,Jiwei
%A Li,Hongxia
%A Sun,Yan
%A Xu,Yanli
%A Sun,Yu
%D 2016
%J Frontiers in Psychology
%C
%F
%G English
%K Math Anxiety,strategy utilization,Computational estimation,Mental arithmetic,age-related differences
%Q
%R 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01612
%W
%L
%N 1612
%M
%P
%7
%8 2016-October-18
%9 Original Research
%+ Jiwei Si,School of Psychology, Shandong Normal University,Jinan, China,sijiwei1974@126.com
%#
%! MATH ANXIETY, STRATEGY UTILIZATION, AND AGE-RELATED DIFFERENCES
%*
%<
%T Age-Related Differences of Individualsâ€™ Arithmetic Strategy Utilization with Different Level of Math Anxiety
%U https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01612
%V 7
%0 JOURNAL ARTICLE
%@ 1664-1078
%X The present study used the choice/no-choice method to investigate the effect of math anxiety on the strategy used in computational estimation and mental arithmetic tasks and to examine age-related differences in this regard. 57 fourth graders, 56 sixth graders, and 60 adults were randomly selected to participate in the experiment. Results showed the following: (1) High-anxious individuals were more likely to use a rounding-down strategy in the computational estimation task under the best-choice condition. Additionally, sixth-grade students and adults performed faster than fourth-grade students on the strategy execution parameter. Math anxiety affected response times (RTs) and the accuracy with which strategies were executed. (2) The execution of the partial-decomposition strategy was superior to that of the full-decomposition strategy on the mental arithmetic task. Low-math-anxious persons provided more accurate answers than did high-math-anxious participants under the no-choice condition. This difference was significant for sixth graders. With regard to the strategy selection parameter, the RTs for strategy selection varied with age.