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New Perspectives on Procrastination

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Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00252

Too Depleted to Turn In: The Relevance of End-of-the-Day Resource Depletion for Reducing Bedtime Procrastination

  • 1Computer Science, VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • 2Social, Health and Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, Netherlands
  • 3Philosophy and Religious Studies, Utrecht University, Netherlands

Bedtime procrastination is an important predictor of sleep insufficiency in the general population (Kroese et al., 2014a), but little is known about the determinants of this self-undermining behavior. As the phenomenon has been conceptualized in the literature as a form of self-regulation failure (Kroese et al., 2014b), we hypothesized that people's self-regulatory resources in the evening would be predictive of going to bed later than they intended. Specifically, we examined whether the cumulative effect of resisting desires, a measure of self-regulatory resource depletion (Hofmann, Baumeister & Vohs, 2012), relates to bedtime procrastination. Participants (N = 218) reported how many desires they had tried to resist during the previous day and the extent of their bedtime procrastination. Results show that people who attempted to resist more desires were more likely to engage in bedtime procrastination, suggesting that people may be less likely to stick to their intended bedtime after a particularly taxing day. Implications for intervention strategies are discussed.

Keywords: Bedtime procrastination, behavior change, e-coaching systems, Self-regulation, Sleep

Received: 31 May 2017; Accepted: 15 Feb 2018.

Edited by:

Frode Svartdal, University of Tromsø, Norway

Reviewed by:

Frank Wieber, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Switzerland
Wolfgang Rauch, Universität Heidelberg, Germany
Jill A. Jacobson, Queen's University, Canada  

Copyright: © 2018 Kamphorst, Nauts, De Ridder and Anderson. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Mr. Bart A. Kamphorst, VU University Amsterdam, Computer Science, De Boelelaan 1081, Amsterdam, 1081 HV, Netherlands,