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Systematic Review ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00287

The relationship between range of motion and injuries in adolescent dancers and sportspersons: A systematic review

 Joyce M. Storm1,  Roger Wolman2, 3, Eric W. Bakker4 and  Matthew A. Wyon1, 2*
  • 1Institute of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Wolverhampton, United Kingdom
  • 2National Institute of Dance Medicine and Science, United Kingdom
  • 3Department of Rheumatology and Sport and Exercise Medicine, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, United Kingdom
  • 4Faculty of Medicine, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands

Background: The frequent and intensive training and performance of pre-professional ballet dancers and sportspersons is offered at a time when young ballet dancers and young athletes may be vulnerable to injury due to the progress through adolescence and growth spurts.
Hypothesis: There are changes in range of motion during the progress through adolescence and growth periods in dancers and sportspersons. These changes in ROM can be linked to the increase of injury. Objectives: The primary aim of this systematic review is to determine whether there are changes in ROM during the progress through adolescence and growth spurts in dancers and sportspersons. The secondary aim is to determine whether these changes can predict the risk of injuries for adolescent dancers and sportspersons. Search Strategy: Pubmed, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trails (CENTRAL), Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR), EBSCO Host databases: CINAHL Plus, MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, Embase were searched using MeSH terms. Manual search in the Journal of Dance Medicine and Science and screening of the reference lists of identified studies and reviews was conducted. Selection criteria: Studies included adolescent dancers and sportspersons, aged 8-18, both sexes, growth spurt related to changes in ROM and injury incidence. Data collection and analysis: Search strategy was performed in the flow diagram of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Two reviewers independently appraised each included study using Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) for methodological quality of the included studies. For data extraction, the following information was systematically extracted: first author and year of publication, study design, participants (sample size of mean age), age, maturation (if assessed), intervention, outcome(s) and some notes of each study. For evaluation of the risk of bias and precision the Research Triangle Institute Item Bank (RTI-IB) is included. Main results: Seven observational studies met the inclusion criteria of this current review. The results of this review suggest that there are changes in ROM during the progress through adolescence and growth spurts in dancers and sportspersons. These changes may lead to an increase in injury incidence. Conclusion: There is evidence linking to changes in ROM

Keywords: Flexibility, Injury incidence, Adolescent, Puberty, Delayed, ballet

Received: 21 Aug 2017; Accepted: 20 Feb 2018.

Edited by:

Evangelos Himonides, University College London, United Kingdom

Reviewed by:

Imogen Aujla, University of Bedfordshire Luton, United Kingdom
James Brouner, Kingston University, United Kingdom  

Copyright: © 2018 Storm, Wolman, Bakker and Wyon. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Prof. Matthew A. Wyon, University of Wolverhampton, Institute of Sport and Health Sciences, Gorway Rd, Wolverhampton, WS1 3BD, United Kingdom,