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Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01753

Reading Independently and Reading with a narrator: Eye Movement Patterns of Children with Different Receptive Vocabularies

 Zhuqing Su1, 2,  Yifang Wang1*, Yadong Sun1, Jinghong Ding1 and Zhuoya Ma1
  • 1Capital Normal University, China
  • 2Department of Preschool Education, Yichun Early Childhood Teachers College, China

This study examined the effects of two reading styles (i.e., reading with a narrator and reading independently), receptive vocabulary and literacy on children’s eye movement patterns. The sample included 46 Chinese children (aged 4-6 years) who were randomly assigned to two reading styles and read the same picture book on a screen. The results indicated that the higher the children’s receptive vocabulary, the sooner they fixated on the text. Overall, the children’s fixation probability (i.e., the time spent viewing the text zones as a proportion of full-page viewing time during each period) decreased with time when reading independently but increased with time when reading with a narrator. For children in senior kindergarten, reading with a narrator is thought to help establish and consolidate the links between speech and text and thus promote reading acquisition.

Keywords: Children, picture books, EYE MOVEMENT, Reading styles, receptive vocabulary

Received: 11 Feb 2018; Accepted: 30 Aug 2018.

Edited by:

Iliana I. Karipidis, Klinik für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universität Zürich, Switzerland

Reviewed by:

Urs Maurer, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Angela J. Fawcett, Swansea University, United Kingdom  

Copyright: © 2018 Su, Wang, Sun, Ding and Ma. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Yifang Wang, Capital Normal University, Beijing, China,