@ARTICLE{10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00561,
AUTHOR={Schütz, Christoph and Schack, Thomas},
TITLE={A Simple Model to Estimate the Percentage of Motor Plan Reuse From Hysteresis Effect Size},
JOURNAL={Frontiers in Psychology},
VOLUME={10},
PAGES={561},
YEAR={2019},
URL={https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00561},
DOI={10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00561},
ISSN={1664-1078},
ABSTRACT={In sequential tasks, a partial reuse of former motor plans results in a persistence in the former posture (termed hysteresis). The cost-optimization hypothesis states that the percentage of reuse depends on the relative cognitive and mechanical cost of each movement. These costs should be constant across all drawers, yet previous studies found a larger hysteresis effect at the central drawers and declining effects toward the periphery. In the current study, we show that a simple mathematical model that assumes a sigmoid optimal grasp angle function and a fixed percentage of motor plan reuse explains the posture variance in a randomized and an ordered sequential drawer opening task. This finding indicates that (1) the optimal pro/supination angle is a sigmoid function of drawer height, (2) the percentage of motor plan reuse is constant across drawers, and (3) a constant percentage of reuse results in a larger hysteresis effect at the central drawers. Based on the model, the percentage of motor plan reuse in future studies can be estimated from the size of the motor hysteresis effect.}
}