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Front. Psychol.
Sec. Health Psychology
Volume 14 - 2023 | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1134780

The mental health impact of the ongoing Russian-Ukrainian war six months after the Russian Invasion of Ukraine

  • 1Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine
  • 2Hellenic Mediterranean University, Greece
  • 3University of St. Gallen, Switzerland

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This study aimed to investigate the impact of the ongoing war in Ukraine on the mental health of Ukrainians, focusing on war-induced trauma, disturbances in self-organization, post-traumatic stress disorder, complex post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, stress, and depression.
Data was collected from 703 participants six months after the full-scale invasion using a structured questionnaire that included sections on socio-demographic information, trauma-related issues, and mental health.
The study found that levels of depression and anxiety were relatively low, while stress and resilience were relatively high among Ukrainians affected by the war. However, those who were directly exposed to military actions, physical violence, or severe human suffering had higher levels of anxiety, depression, stress, and trauma-related symptoms. The war experience varied by gender, age, and living conditions. Participants who stayed in Ukraine had significantly lower anxiety, depression, stress, and trauma-related symptoms compared to those who moved abroad. Anxiety, depression, stress, low resilience, and subjective satisfaction with living conditions were predictors of trauma-related symptoms, including PTSD and CPTSD.
These findings suggest that the mental health of Ukrainians affected by the war was impacted differently depending on their level of exposure to violence and their living conditions. Additionally, the study identified several predictors of trauma-related symptoms, including PTSD and CPTSD, such as anxiety, depression, stress, low resilience, and subjective satisfaction with living conditions. Future research should further explore the relationships between trauma type, sociodemographic factors, resilience, stress, anxiety, depression, and PTSD and CPTSD to better understand the mediation mechanisms underlying these relationships and to develop effective interventions to support the well-being of Ukrainians during this difficult time.

Keywords: War, Ukraine, Trauma experience, stress, Anxiety, Depression, PTSD, complex ptsd

Received: 30 Dec 2022; Accepted: 13 Mar 2023.

Copyright: © 2023 Kurapov, Kalaitzaki, Keller, Danyliuk and Kowatsch. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Anton Kurapov, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine