Original Research ARTICLE
CITY AVOIDANCE IN THE EARLY PHASE OF PSYCHOSIS: A NEGLECTED DOMAIN OF ASSESSMENT AND A POTENTIAL TARGET FOR RECOVERY STRATEGIES.
- 1Département de Psychiatrie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Switzerland
- 2Institut de géographie, Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines, Université de Neuchâtel, Switzerland
- 3Avenue de la Gare 16, 1800, Switzerland
Background: A considerable amount of research has explored the link between living in an urban environment during childhood and the increased the risk to develop psychosis. However, the urban milieu is more than a risk factor as it is also a place for socialization and enrichment. The aims of the current study were to explore, in a large sample of early psychosis (EP) patients, their pattern of use of the city, their perception when exposed to various critical stressors and their sensitivity to diverse forms of stimuli.
Methods: We sent a questionnaire (based on previous work conducted in a group of patients, including video-recorded walk-along in the city and a literature review) to 305 EP patients and to 220 medical students.
Results: Response rate in patients was low (38%). City avoidance and negative perceptions towards the urban environment increased in patients after onset of psychosis. Patients’ tendency to avoid city center correlates with both problematic social interactions and stimuli perceived as unpleasant. Patients seemed less likely to enjoy urban spaces considered as relaxing, suggesting a lower capacity to benefit from positive aspects of this environment.
Conclusions: The development of psychosis influences the way EP patients perceive the city and their capacity to feel at ease in the urban environment, leading to a high rate of city avoidance. Considering the possible influence of city avoidance on social relations and the recovery process, the development of strategies to help patients in this regard may have a significant effect on their recovery process.
Keywords: psychosis, urbanicity, city, stress, Recovery, Treatment
Received: 18 Jan 2019;
Accepted: 30 Apr 2019.
Edited by:Young-Chul Chung, Chonbuk National University, South Korea
Reviewed by:Lucia Valmaggia, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience (IoPPN), King's College London, United Kingdom
Wing C. Chang, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Copyright: © 2019 Conus, Abrahamyan-Empson@chuv.ch, Codeluppi, Baumann, Söderström, Söderström and Golay. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Prof. Philippe Conus, Département de Psychiatrie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland, email@example.com