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Original Research ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Psychiatry | doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00590

Brain function network and young adult smokers: A Graph Theory Analysis Study

 Ying Tan1, Jing Chen1, Weiwei Liao1* and Zhaoxin Qian1*
  • 1Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, China

Cigarette smoking is associated with abnormalities in widespread inter-regional functional connectivity of the brain. However, few studies focused on the abnormalities in topological organization of brain functional networks in young smokers. In the current study, the resting state functional magnetic resonance images were acquired from 30 young male smokers and 32 age-, gender- and education-matched healthy male nonsmokers. Functional network was constructed by calculating the Pearson correlation coefficients among 246 sub-regions in human Brainnetome Atlas. The topological parameters were compared between smokers and nonsmokers. The results showed that the functional network of both young smokers and nonsmokers had small-world topology. Compared with the nonsmokers, the young smokers exhibited decreased clustering coefficient and local network efficiency. Meanwhile, the clustering coefficient and local network efficiency were negatively correlated with duration of cigarette use. In addition, the increased nodal efficiency was mainly located in prefrontal cortex (PFC), cingulate gyrus, insular and caudate. Decreased connectivities among PFC, cingulate gyrus, insular, basal ganglia (which specific node) and thalamus were also observed. We revealed the abnormal topological organization of brain functional network in young smokers, which may improve our understanding of the neural mechanism of young smokers form brain functional network’ s topological organization level.

Keywords: Young smokers, brain functional networks, graph theory analysis, Resting state functional magnetic resonance images (fMRI), Topological organization

Received: 15 May 2019; Accepted: 25 Jul 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 Tan, Chen, Liao and Qian. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence:
Mrs. Weiwei Liao, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China, 1532950695@qq.com
Prof. Zhaoxin Qian, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China, xyqzx@csu.edu.cn