Original Research ARTICLE
Correlation analysis between attentional bias and somatic symptoms in depression
- 1Department of Psychiatry, Guangzhou Panyu Central Hospital, China
- 2Mental Health Center, People's Hospital of Wuhan University, China
- 3Department of Clinical Psychology, Second People's Hospital of Wuhu, China
Objective: To investigate the relationship between attentional bias and the severity of depression as assessed by the TORAWARE State and physical symptoms.
Methods: We enrolled 55 patients with depression and 60 healthy. The Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD-24), Somatic Self-rating Scale (SSS), and the Chinese Version of the Self-rating Scale for the TORAWARE State of Neurosis (SSTN) were selected to assess the severity of psychological symptoms. Dot-probe tasks were used to detect attentional bias. We then analyzed the correlation of attentional bias with the total scores on the symptom scales.
Results: The negative attentional bias and negative disengaging index scores were both greater than 0 (t = 3.15 and 2.78, respectively; all P < 0.01). The negative attention bias score was positively correlated with the SSTN and negative disengaging index scores (r = 0.29 and 0.53, respectively; all P < 0.05). SSTN score was positively correlated with the total HAMD and SSS scores (r = 0.34 and 0.38, respectively; all P < 0.05).
Conclusion: There is no direct correlation between negative attentionional bias and depression. It may be through the intermediate mechanism of TORAWARE State to influence symptoms.
Keywords: Depression, attentional bias, TORAWARE State, Depressive symptom, somatic discomfort
Received: 15 Jun 2018;
Accepted: 09 Aug 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Wang, Wang, Zhu and Li. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Dr. Haibing Zhu, Guangzhou Panyu Central Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China, firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. Jiangbo Li, Second People's Hospital of Wuhu, Department of Clinical Psychology, Wuhu, 241001, Anhui Province, China, email@example.com