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Original Research ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Vet. Sci. | doi: 10.3389/fvets.2019.00290

An Analysis of Rabies Incidence and its Geographic Spread in the Buffer Area Amongst Orally Vaccinated Wildlife in Ukraine from 2012 to 2016

 Ivan Polupan1*,  Maksim Bezymennyi2, Yurii Gibaliuk3, Zhanna Drozhzhe4,  Oleksii Rudoi4, Vitalii Ukhovskyi2,  Vitalii Nedosekov5 and  Marco De Nardi6
  • 1Department of virilogy, State Research Institute for Laboratory Diagnostics and Veterinary and Sanitary Expertise, Ukraine
  • 2Institute of Veterinary Medicine, National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine
  • 3State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumers Protection (SSUFSCP), Ukraine
  • 4State Research Institute for Laboratory Diagnostics and Veterinary and Sanitary Expertise, Ukraine
  • 5National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine
  • 6Safoso (Switzerland), Switzerland

The statistics of rabies cases in Volyn, Lviv and Zakarpattia oblasts of Ukraine from 2012-2016 have been analyzed to establish spatial-temporal laws of rabies enzootic outbreaks and identify causes of the widespread infection occurrence among wild and domestic animals. Estimations of the rabies enzootic outbreaks in Ukraine were conducted to identify the influence of oral rabies vaccination (ORV) campaigns in foxes carried out during 2012-2016. Rabies infection is a complicated problem in Ukraine for both veterinary medicine and the public health service. Parenteral vaccination campaigns of domestic animals and foxes have not had a sufficient influence on enzootic rabies outbreaks for a long period of time. ORV campaigns in foxes were determined to be not efficient after studying enzootic rabies outbreaks in western Ukraine (Volyn, Lviv and Zakarpattia oblasts) in 2012-2016. The current rabies prevention system was also determined to be insufficient among domestic animals after reviewing enzootic rabies outbreaks in dogs and cats, i.e. statistically significant clusters (p<0.05). ORV campaign shortcomings and their causes must be determined in order to provide maximum rabies vaccine coverage of dogs and cats. The results presented will be useful to efficiently distribute disease control efforts.

Keywords: Ukraine, Rabies, surveillance, Rabies case, fox, Oral rabies vaccination

Received: 27 Mar 2019; Accepted: 14 Aug 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 Polupan, Bezymennyi, Gibaliuk, Drozhzhe, Rudoi, Ukhovskyi, Nedosekov and De Nardi. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Ivan Polupan, State Research Institute for Laboratory Diagnostics and Veterinary and Sanitary Expertise, Department of virilogy, Kyiv, Ukraine, i.n.polupan@gmail.com