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Original Research ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Vet. Sci. | doi: 10.3389/fvets.2019.00369

Animal pesticide poisoning in Tunisia

  • 1National Veterinary School of Sidi Thabet, Tunisia
  • 2VetAgro Sup, France

A retrospective study on pesticide poisonings in domestic animals and livestock from 2014 to 2017 submitted to the Pharmacy and Toxicology Laboratory of the School of Veterinary Medicine of Sidi Thabet in Tunisia, was compiled then analysed. During this period, a total of 71 pesticide analysis requests has been referred mainly by the Pathology Laboratory in the same School, by veterinary practitioners, regional and central governments and private owners. Among the total number of the suspected samples, 21 (29.6%) cases were found positive to contain various kinds of pesticides. Carbamate insecticides were The most frequently implicated pesticide, representing 52.4% of the total positive cases. This compound was followed by organophosphate insecticides (19%), then by rodenticides-anticoagulants and rodenticides non-anticoagulants with 14.3% of the positive results each. Therefore, insecticides are the most incriminated group of pesticides in intoxications (71.4%). Among the 21 positive cases, 52% were dogs, 19% cats, 14% poultry,10% ruminants and 5% other animal species (bees). Partition chromatography (HPLC) has been used to characterize the incriminated pesticides. The aim of this survey was to determine the frequency and the incidence of pesticide poisoning in domestic and farm animals in Tunisia. Then obtained results will be useful for the medical management of intoxicated animals.

Keywords: Pesticides, Poisoning - epidemiology, etiology, Tunisia, dog, Carbamate

Received: 29 Mar 2019; Accepted: 07 Oct 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 LAHMAR, Berny, Mahjoub and Ben Youssef. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Prof. Philippe J. Berny, VetAgro Sup, Lyon, France, philippe.berny@vetagro-sup.fr