About this Research Topic
The microbiome has re-emerged as a significant topic in environmental and human health. The microbiome has co-evolved with its host and the environment, and has now an undisputable role in health outcomes. A number of studies highlights the microbiome as a regulator of animal and human health and behavior. Consequently, the microbiome is a growing topic in medical sciences, as dysbiosis of the microbiome is intimately tied to disease; however, limited data exist on how microbial communities influence host responses to environmental stressors such as chemical pollutants, habitat and climate change, and biotic stressors (competition, predation). The complex structure and function of the microbiome is an emerging and fascinating new scientific frontier. Reduced sequencing costs and significant progress in bioinformatics and data management facilitate studies into host-microbiome interaction and homeostasis. Although environmental stressors have a potency to shift microbial diversity and composition, work remains to connect microbial communities with specific adverse or beneficial health outcomes. The scientific community has leveraged the latest in computational approaches to extensively mine metagenomics data, in order to predict the impact of microbial community shifts on hosts and the environment. These approaches are crucial to improve computational predictions and to assist in the development of specific intervention strategies to improve host and environmental health.
This Research Topic aims to attract a broad range of contributions focused on environmental stressors, microbiome-host or microbiome-environment axis. Studies such as these below are appropriate for this call:
- Environmental pollutants and impacts on free-living (e.g. soil microbiome) or host-associated microbiomes
- Relationships between indicators of health and microbiome
- Role of microbial communities for ecosystem health under disturbed conditions
- Studies that link microbiome composition/diversity to physiological outcomes in the host following environmental stressors (temperature, hypoxia, food restriction, pollutants)
- Studies using synthetic microbiomes to establish causality between microbiome characteristics and host phenotypes
- Resistance and resilience of host-microbiome interactions to chronic disturbances
- Meta-analyses on the effects of stressors on environmental and host microbiomes.
- The role of the microbiome in conservation biology
Keywords: microbiome, adverse outcomes, environmental stressors, animal health, ecology
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.