Research Topic

Energy Saving in Buildings: Influence of Construction Materials and Systems

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About this Research Topic

The energy required for cooling and heating buildings to provide thermal comfort for the occupants is greatly dependent on the thermo-physical properties of the construction materials and also systems used in walls, ceilings, floors, and glass windows. The heat load of buildings is proportional to the heat ...

The energy required for cooling and heating buildings to provide thermal comfort for the occupants is greatly dependent on the thermo-physical properties of the construction materials and also systems used in walls, ceilings, floors, and glass windows. The heat load of buildings is proportional to the heat transmission through building compounds. The heat transmission in buildings can be minimized by providing thermal insulation systems. The thickness of thermal insulation has a significant contribution to the heat transmission. Increasing the thickness of thermal insulation will increase the cost of building construction. Therefore, there should be an effort made to find out the optimum thickness for different types of thermal insulation materials. However, it is also possible to minimize heat transmission in buildings using common construction materials such as concrete, mortar, plaster, brick, block, and timber with low thermal conductivity.

There have been many studies on optimizing the thickness of commonly used thermal insulation materials for saving energy in buildings. However, many questions remain unanswered regarding energy usage in buildings in relation to their construction materials and different thermal insulation systems. There are still many challenges in the field of thermal insulating methods and selection of the best thermal insulation materials for new and old buildings. For example, in a new building, using a very low thermal conductive brick which has appropriate mechanical properties for wall construction may significantly reduce energy consumption, without using special thermal insulation materials. It is also possible to save energy in an old building using a low thermal conductive plastering material for exterior walls when it is under renovation.

Developing novel and sustainable construction materials with appropriate thermal and engineering properties is an interesting topic, not only for research but also for the construction industry. Therefore, the purpose of this Research Topic is to provide a platform for sharing new ideas and findings in all aspects of energy-related building, particularly in relation to all types of construction materials. All comparisons, case studies in different climates, and measurements such as metrics, multi-criteria analysis, energy simulations, and analysis and life cycle analysis are encouraged to be submitted. We welcome original research papers including, but not limited to, the following fields:

• Thermal properties of construction materials
• Passive house materials
• Phase-change materials
• Energy and 3D printing materials
• Wall systems and design
• Energy simulation
• Energy and materials in the construction industry
• Building and urban level energy efficiency
• Energy and thermal comfort in different climates


Keywords: Energy, Thermal Properties, Construction Materials, Heating and Cooling, Simulation


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