About this Research Topic
Tree growth is known to be significantly affected by the mechanical perturbation caused by wind moving through the tree crown. This biomechanical influence, often called thigmomorphogenesis, has been studied since the 1950s, and the studies have shown that wind sway influences not only stem radial growth but all aspects of tree growth. As a result it also affects forest stand growth.
Although biomechanics is known to be important for tree growth it has so far not been considered as a causal effect of silvicultural treatments, nor has it been included in forest growth models. Furthermore, the potential influence of tree biomechanics on systems for estimating site index or site productivity remains unexplored.
Global change is expected to produce fundamental changes in the climate. So far, most discussions about its effect on tree and forest growth have focused on temperature and precipitation. If the wind climate also changes, tree growth must certainly be affected, requiring new silvicultural approaches to counteract possible negative effects of increased wind speed.
In this Research Topic we invite researchers to submit manuscripts along the following themes:
• Responses of trees of different species to changes in wind load, including wood properties and stem taper.
• Effects on stand level by changes in wind load and mitigating silviculture
• Connections between silvicultural outcomes and tree biomechanics.
Keywords: Global change, Climate change, Biomechanics, Thigmomorphogenesis, Forest stand dynamics, Forest growth, Forest mortality, Tree growth, Wind sway, Crown dynamics
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.