About this Research Topic
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are characterized by shared risk factors including obesity, hypercholesterolemia, high blood sugar, high blood pressure, smoking and alcohol intake. These risks factors can result in cardiovascular disease, cancer, type-2 diabetes and neurological conditions. Latin America has the third highest level of deaths in the world due to NCDs. In 2000, 62% of all deaths in this region were from non-communicable disease. Today this statistic has risen to around 81%.
About 57% of the region’s adult population are overweight and 19% are obese. And more than 20% of the population aged 0 to 19 also have this risk factor. A major contributor to this alarming situation is the dietary transition that accompanies the economic and social changes resulting from urbanization. As people move to the cities, dietary patterns have been seen to transition away from mostly plant-based foods.
This Research Topic will therefore explore the major aspects of the epidemic of non-communicable diseases that are prevalent in Latin America. We welcome manuscripts on themes such as but not limited to:
- What factors impact food choices in Latin America?
- Which NCD is affecting which Latin American country and why?
- What evidence is being gleaned from clinical trials and dietary interventions?
- How are children learning what to eat?
- How are public policy measures addressing these issues and are they succeeding?
- What government interventions have been effective?
- Is a return to traditional plant-based foods a realistic remedy?
Keywords: Dietary Changes, Plant-Based Diets, Traditional Foods, Non-Communicable Disease, Latin America
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.