Research Topic

Type I Interferon in Human Autoimmunity

About this Research Topic

The type I interferon system plays a critical role in host defense in health, and a growing body of literature suggests that type I interferon is a critical mediator of human autoimmune disease. Type I interferons function as a bridge between the innate and adaptive immune systems, and as such play an ...

The type I interferon system plays a critical role in host defense in health, and a growing body of literature suggests that type I interferon is a critical mediator of human autoimmune disease. Type I interferons function as a bridge between the innate and adaptive immune systems, and as such play an important role in setting thresholds for response against self antigens. Many investigators have focused on the role type I interferons play in autoimmune disease. This fascinating and rapidly growing body of literature encompasses many different autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus, type I diabetes, multiple sclerosis, and others. In this Research Topic, we will provide a comprehensive overview of the various roles type I interferons play in autoimmune diseases, with a focus on human immunology. We seek articles covering topics that include but are not limited to:
• Human cytokine and gene expression studies
• Therapeutic targeting of the type I interferon pathway
• Human genetic studies of the type I interferon system
• In vitro studies of interferons in cell line and human primary cells
• Autoimmune model organism studies involving type I interferon
• Type I interferons at the intersection between infection and autoimmunity
• Regulation of type I interferons in the human immune system


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