About this Research Topic
Renewable biomass, including lignocellulose, waste glycerol etc., is the most abundant carbon resource in the world, which is generated in large amounts annually. However, the improper treatment of this biomass not only causes environmental issues but also economic waste. Bioconversion of biomass into value-added biochemicals or biofuels provides a promising alternative using mono or multiple cellular systems. However, converting recalcitrant biomass into bioproducts is a complex process consisting of many steps, which convergently accommodates the production of saccharolytic enzymes, hydrolysis of carbohydrate components to sugars, and fermentation of hexose and pentose sugars.
With the rapid development of synthetic biology, endowing single strains with both hydrolytic enzyme production and biochemical or biofuel generation capabilities is becoming feasible. For instance, biofuels have been produced directly from lignocellulose using mono-culture. However, the efficiency is still low due to the metabolic burden when complex metabolic pathways are introduced simultaneously. On the other hand, synthetic microbial consortia could also complete complex tasks through lab division within different species. For instance, consolidated bioprocessing using microbial consortia of biochemical production from lignocellulose has been achieved. Through debottlenecking the problems occurring in the bioconversion of biomass into biochemicals or biofuels using synthetic biology, higher conversion efficiency could be obtained.
This Research Topic welcomes submissions on, but not limited to, the following topic areas:
• Advanced pretreatment technology for biomass conversion
• Bioconversion of lignocellulose into biofuels and green solvents using monoculture
• Design and construction of synthetic microbial consortia for efficient biomass conversion
• Consolidated bioprocessing of biomass into biofuels and green solvents
Types of manuscripts to be featured mainly include Original Research and Perspective articles. Review articles that describe the current state-of-the-art in advances in biomass conversion for chemical and biofuel production using mono or multiple cellular systems are also welcomed.
Keywords: biomass, chemicals and biofuels, bioconversion, monoculture, microbial consortia
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.