About this Research Topic
Removal of emerging contaminants in aquatic systems is important for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals since it helps to improve water quality, conserve aquatic ecosystems, alleviate hunger, and promote good human health. Aquatic systems are an important biodiversity hotspot threatened by rapid chemical pollution. Emerging contaminants (e.g., pharmaceutical and personal care products, plasticizers, synthetic dyes, flame retardants, pesticides, and rare earth elements) are frequently detected in wetlands, rivers, lakes, and groundwater. The discharge of potentially toxic emerging contaminants into freshwater ecosystems threatens biodiversity and human health.
Bioremediation often involves biosorption, bio-uptake, and biotransformation by plants and microorganisms. Removal of emerging contaminants by bioremediation offers numerous advantages such as low-costs and high removal efficiency. Bioremediation techniques such as biosorption have found great application in resource recovery while biotransformation has proven beneficial in energy generation. Furthermore, integrating bioremediation techniques with other techniques such as advanced oxidative processes have been shown to improve mineralization and detoxification of emerging contaminants in aquatic systems. Hence, the development of novel integrated bioremediation techniques remains an important strategy for mitigating chemical pollution.
In this Research Topic, we seek manuscripts on the topics of mechanisms and applications of biosorption, bio-uptake, and biotransformation in the in situ removal of emerging contaminants in aquatic systems. Submissions should be focused on the role of in situ bioremediation in attaining SDGs. Field and laboratory studies on in-situ bioremediation processes in surface water, groundwater, and soil are encouraged. Please note, studies that focus only on ex situ water treatment solutions are outside the scope of this Research Topic even though they offer benefits to water environments.
The following article types are available: Original Research, Mini Review, Opinion, Review, Brief Research Report, Conceptual Analysis, Perspective and Methods.
Keywords: emerging contaminants, micropollutants, bioremediation, aquatic systems, wastewater treatment, water quality, Sustainable Development Goals, microbial transformation, pharmaceuticals and personal care products, flame retardants, current use pesticides, advanced oxidation processes, biosorption, phytoremediation, constructed wetlands
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.