About this Research Topic
During the COVID-19 pandemic, technological solutions have been critical in keeping our cities functional, and in fact the long lasting impacts of engaging technologies on urban areas may occur beyond COVID-19. Robots, drones, and contactless payments help with online shopping for food and pharmacy especially for the elderly, and vulnerable communities. IoT enabled control and automation systems help remote workers for manufacturers and businesses to deliver services. Online health consultations, online learnings, and cultural services are possible due to high-speed affordable internet that 5G cells offer for urban areas.
When a pandemic first breaks out in cities, early detection, isolating the infected person and tracing possible contacts are very critical. IoT protocols , particularly Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) as well as NFC, RFID, GPS, and WiFi are receiving much attention for providing solutions to these challenges. For example, these technologies have been used in wearables and disposable test cartridges for portable diagnosis. Here we are looking at the challenges with this digitization including computational time, data rate, coverage, energy consumption, cost and practicality.
This Research Topic aims to investigate the sustainability, tolerability and reliability of IoT solutions in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. We aim to highlight the IoT enabled wearable technologies that have promising results and the potential to identify COVID-19 cases, eliminate the spread, and reduce the impact of the pandemic. We will also discuss the use of and the privacy and ethical issues of IoT solutions in other applications such as Bluetooth low energy (BLE) for assessing the implementation of social distancing and for contact tracing. The applications of fog, edge and cloud computing for faster analysis of tests and confirmations will also be investigated, as well as the use of 5G systems to enhance internet coverage in urban areas to cope with increased demand.
This Research Topic will aim to highlight the use of IoT technologies that have been employed to identify, control and limit the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly in cities. A range of topics will be covered in this Research Topic including but not limited to:
• The practical application of wearable IoT devices in the control of the spread of COVID-19.
• The comparison and analysis of the use of fog computing, edge computing, and cloud computing for COVID-19 testing.
• The use of 5G small cells for the enhancement of internet connectivity, coverage, and bandwidth of transmission in different urban areas in cities.
• Smart and cost effective IoT devices for implementation and tracking of social distancing.
• IoT enabled automations for remote manufacturing and businesses including PLCs, and SCADA
• Enhancement of existing and new cost-effective solutions for signal transmission with high bandwidth, improved coverage, and data rate.
Keywords: IoT, COVID-19, digital transformation, wearable IoT sensors, PLC, contact tracing, 5G systems, urban technologies
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