Research Topic

Internet of Things in Extreme Environment

About this Research Topic

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a revolutionary technology having a great impact on our society with numerous applications such as smart health, smart cities, smart building, and smart homes. Not only this, IoT devices, when embedded in extreme environments, such as oceans, mines, oil rigs, and space, can enable various other challenging applications, namely, climate monitoring, space exploration, detecting ground-water contamination, and smart agriculture. For example, the IoT devices in agriculture can generate early warnings to cope with the pests or notify regarding the soil moisture, thus mitigating the threat before it appears a crisis.

However, deploying the IoT devices and connecting them in extreme environments is considerably challenging. For example, the IoT devices in the underwater environment need to be deployed at the seafloor or attached to a surface buoy to monitor a particular region. Then, the data gathered by these devices need to be communicated to the outside world, thus requiring communication technologies (acoustic, optical, magnetic induction, or hybrid). Besides, the sensing data coming from these IoT devices need to be geo-tagged, requiring accurate localization techniques. Also, networking among the IoT devices in extreme environments is very difficult for various reasons such as limited transmission range of the devices, pointing among the transceivers (in case of optical), and high dependency on the medium of propagation.

Moreover, the IoT devices deployed in extreme environments should be developed from non-toxic and biodegradable materials because leaving such a massive number of IoT devices can pollute the environment. Also, IoT devices that can harvest energy from the environment can be an excellent solution to reduce the amount of energy consumed by these devices.

This research topic is soliciting original research articles, reviews, perspectives, and opinions on IoT in extreme environments. The topics of primary interest include but are not limited to:

• Communication, networking, and localization in Internet of Underwater Things
• Communication, networking, and localization in Internet of Underground Things
• Communication, networking, and localization in Internet of Space Things
• Communication, networking, and localization in In-vivo Health Sensors
• Network architecture for IoT in extreme environments
• Multi-modal sensing techniques
• IoT for Climate monitoring
• IoT for Precision agriculture
• Earth observation and space exploration using tiny satellites
• Bio-degradable IoT devices
• Energy harvesting in IoT networks


Keywords: IoT, Underwater, Underground, Space, Extreme Environment


Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a revolutionary technology having a great impact on our society with numerous applications such as smart health, smart cities, smart building, and smart homes. Not only this, IoT devices, when embedded in extreme environments, such as oceans, mines, oil rigs, and space, can enable various other challenging applications, namely, climate monitoring, space exploration, detecting ground-water contamination, and smart agriculture. For example, the IoT devices in agriculture can generate early warnings to cope with the pests or notify regarding the soil moisture, thus mitigating the threat before it appears a crisis.

However, deploying the IoT devices and connecting them in extreme environments is considerably challenging. For example, the IoT devices in the underwater environment need to be deployed at the seafloor or attached to a surface buoy to monitor a particular region. Then, the data gathered by these devices need to be communicated to the outside world, thus requiring communication technologies (acoustic, optical, magnetic induction, or hybrid). Besides, the sensing data coming from these IoT devices need to be geo-tagged, requiring accurate localization techniques. Also, networking among the IoT devices in extreme environments is very difficult for various reasons such as limited transmission range of the devices, pointing among the transceivers (in case of optical), and high dependency on the medium of propagation.

Moreover, the IoT devices deployed in extreme environments should be developed from non-toxic and biodegradable materials because leaving such a massive number of IoT devices can pollute the environment. Also, IoT devices that can harvest energy from the environment can be an excellent solution to reduce the amount of energy consumed by these devices.

This research topic is soliciting original research articles, reviews, perspectives, and opinions on IoT in extreme environments. The topics of primary interest include but are not limited to:

• Communication, networking, and localization in Internet of Underwater Things
• Communication, networking, and localization in Internet of Underground Things
• Communication, networking, and localization in Internet of Space Things
• Communication, networking, and localization in In-vivo Health Sensors
• Network architecture for IoT in extreme environments
• Multi-modal sensing techniques
• IoT for Climate monitoring
• IoT for Precision agriculture
• Earth observation and space exploration using tiny satellites
• Bio-degradable IoT devices
• Energy harvesting in IoT networks


Keywords: IoT, Underwater, Underground, Space, Extreme Environment


Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.

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Submission Deadlines

31 March 2021 Manuscript

Participating Journals

Manuscripts can be submitted to this Research Topic via the following journals:

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Topic Editors

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Submission Deadlines

31 March 2021 Manuscript

Participating Journals

Manuscripts can be submitted to this Research Topic via the following journals:

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