About this Research Topic
Rumen is the largest and most important digestive organ of ruminants, which performs fermentation of feeds, most notably of the complex carbohydrates by the coordinated activities of the different types of ruminal microbial communities. Accumulating evidence demonstrates that these microorganisms also interact with each other to maintain the health of ruminant animals including dairy cattle.
In recent years, with the progress of high-throughput sequencing technology, the research of ruminal microbiota with nutritional strategies in ruminants and their associated diseases has made a great progress. Rumen microbiota can be affected by various dietary, animal and environmental factors, such as diet composition, different management strategies, physiological states and stress, external environment, and feed additives including plant secondary metabolites. Meanwhile, rumen microbiota dysbiosis is associated with the development of various diseases. Therefore, it is of great importance to maintain the homeostasis of rumen microbiota for proper feed utilization and avoidance of ruminal disorders.
The aim of this Research Topic is to highlight and stimulate discussion regarding rumen microbiota and its association with ruminant diseases and disorders.
We welcome submissions of original research papers, reviews, and perspectives on the topics below:
- the alterations of rumen microbiota in disease conditions in ruminants,
- their relationship with the development and progress of ruminant diseases, and
- the application of rumen microbiota regulation in the prevention and treatment of ruminant diseases, such as via rumen microbiota transplantation, and in combination with other approaches such as herbal medicines, probiotics, and vaccine.
The diseases discussed here cover internal diseases (subacute ruminal acidosis, ketosis, trace element deficiency, toxic diseases, etc.), surgical diseases (arthritis, laminitis, etc.), obstetric diseases (mastitis, endometritis, etc.) and infectious diseases (viruses, bacteria, parasites, etc.)
Keywords: rumen microbiota, disease, feed additive, acidosis, ruminant
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