Research Topic

Mimicking Nature Effects by Surface Engineering and Treatments of Bio-inspired Materials: Challenges and Achievements

About this Research Topic

Nature offers intriguing examples of surfaces having intriguing structural and functional properties. In recent years these features have attracted the attention of researchers from life science, material science, nanoscience, agriculture, and medicine. In this framework, one of the route is to try to replicate functionality similar to those that Nature is providing aiming to the exploitation of the returned knowledge in technological applications useful in real life. The final results should consist of mimicking the chemical, structural and optical surface properties for the achievement of specific bio-material performances replicating the observed optical, electrical or wetting features shown by plants, animals, or living organisms in general. Among other methods, the surface treatment of bio-composites or polymers is performed by dry or wet techniques, by chemical procedures or others involving Phys-Chem processes, like those adopting plasmas or optical interactions like UV or laser light.

This Research Topic is aiming to be a multidisciplinary one focused on original and recent scores on bio-inspired materials and corresponding applications in several areas. Special attention will be paid to the tuning of the properties of surfaces of bio-inspired organic/inorganic/bio surfaces or nanostructures by green or smart surface processing. The goal may concern peculiar results/advances obtained after a specific process like nanotexturing or functionalization that could be via chemicals, plasma processes ,optical processes (UV, lasers etc..). As relevant subjects for paper consideration we will consider original results/insights on surface wetting modifications and possible corresponding/ expected applications, enhancement/promotion of the surface reactivity and functionalization, or self-healing (relevant in medicine and engineering) effects, investigation or achievements on modification/tuning of the optical (moth-eye or invisibility cloak effects) or adhesive (mussel like effects) and tensile properties.

Areas of interest could include, but are not limited to:

• Phys/Chem processes to artificially tune the bio-material vs. a biomimetic surface and/or hybrid interface build up.
• Dry surface processes (laser, plasma)
• Wet processes (chemicals)
• Planar vs nano/micro-textured surfaces, playing with nanostructures (particles, rods, tubes cells, viruses etc..)
• Lotus effect, Moth eye, Invisible cloak, Mussel


Keywords: Biomimetics, Surface treatment, Plasma treatments, Wetting, Laser plasma


Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.

Nature offers intriguing examples of surfaces having intriguing structural and functional properties. In recent years these features have attracted the attention of researchers from life science, material science, nanoscience, agriculture, and medicine. In this framework, one of the route is to try to replicate functionality similar to those that Nature is providing aiming to the exploitation of the returned knowledge in technological applications useful in real life. The final results should consist of mimicking the chemical, structural and optical surface properties for the achievement of specific bio-material performances replicating the observed optical, electrical or wetting features shown by plants, animals, or living organisms in general. Among other methods, the surface treatment of bio-composites or polymers is performed by dry or wet techniques, by chemical procedures or others involving Phys-Chem processes, like those adopting plasmas or optical interactions like UV or laser light.

This Research Topic is aiming to be a multidisciplinary one focused on original and recent scores on bio-inspired materials and corresponding applications in several areas. Special attention will be paid to the tuning of the properties of surfaces of bio-inspired organic/inorganic/bio surfaces or nanostructures by green or smart surface processing. The goal may concern peculiar results/advances obtained after a specific process like nanotexturing or functionalization that could be via chemicals, plasma processes ,optical processes (UV, lasers etc..). As relevant subjects for paper consideration we will consider original results/insights on surface wetting modifications and possible corresponding/ expected applications, enhancement/promotion of the surface reactivity and functionalization, or self-healing (relevant in medicine and engineering) effects, investigation or achievements on modification/tuning of the optical (moth-eye or invisibility cloak effects) or adhesive (mussel like effects) and tensile properties.

Areas of interest could include, but are not limited to:

• Phys/Chem processes to artificially tune the bio-material vs. a biomimetic surface and/or hybrid interface build up.
• Dry surface processes (laser, plasma)
• Wet processes (chemicals)
• Planar vs nano/micro-textured surfaces, playing with nanostructures (particles, rods, tubes cells, viruses etc..)
• Lotus effect, Moth eye, Invisible cloak, Mussel


Keywords: Biomimetics, Surface treatment, Plasma treatments, Wetting, Laser plasma


Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.

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Submission Deadlines

14 January 2021 Manuscript
31 March 2021 Manuscript Extension

Participating Journals

Manuscripts can be submitted to this Research Topic via the following journals:

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Topic Editors

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Submission Deadlines

14 January 2021 Manuscript
31 March 2021 Manuscript Extension

Participating Journals

Manuscripts can be submitted to this Research Topic via the following journals:

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