About this Research Topic
Maintaining the subtle balance between individual or collective performance and health and well-being at work is a key preoccupation for human factors and ergonomics. The increasing number of aging people and of people presenting some disabilities in the world of work challenges this equilibrium and requires new global approaches. Neuroergonomics aims to investigate the relationships between human brain activity and behavioral performance, either experimentally but more particularly in real-world contexts. Neuroergonomics also aims at discussing and developing novel approaches, methodologies, and solutions for better understanding the human brain and behavior at work and in everyday life. In this context, translational researches examining the way the evolving brain and physical functions due to normal aging or diseases can be understood and adapted to work constraints is lacking and can be aggregated by physical and cognitive neuroergonomics.
This Research Topic aims to offer a forum for disseminating and discussing fundamental and applied research:
1) to better understand how and to what extent cerebral, biophysical and cognitive functions that might decline due to normal aging or disease, in their whole, impact behavior at work and in everyday life;
2) to propose integrated tools to assess body and brain functioning of impaired and normal individuals in natural settings and to examine their potential causal links;
3) to report findings of intervention protocols such as physical or cognitive and mental rehabilitation programs, aimed at improving individual functional performance or reducing work constraints.
Characterizing the links between the different systems that form the integrated human functioning is fundamental to understand interindividual variability in the capacity to adapt to environmental constraints. Information can come from methodologies enabling to jointly evaluate physiological activity (of the brain, heart, muscles) and motor and cognitive activity, both at rest and during working activities, with a focus on establishing the relationship between task constraints and subject's resources. Intervention protocols can refer to cognitive or physical training (or both) or to biofeedback and other self-regulatory methods. This research topic welcomes the results of original research relevant to the topic, as well as more methodological studies on the development and validation of new approaches and methods on the aspects of the integrated brain-behavior human functioning. Narrative and meta-analytic reviews related to this research topic are also welcomed.
Keywords: brain activity, physical activity, cognitive activity, Integrated Systems, Rehabilitation, Aging, Disease, Work
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