About this Research Topic
As green catalysts, biocatalysts draw a lot of attention because of their applications in pharmaceuticals, food, and detection. Compared with chemical catalysts, biocatalysts are more efficient and environmentally friendly. In addition, biocatalysts have high chemical selectivity, enantioselectivity, mild reaction conditions, and low energy consumption. However, biocatalysts are fragile and difficult to separate from the reaction system, which hinders their application in industrial production.
Using nanotechnology to strengthen biocatalysts is an effective way to solve the above problems. Nanotechnology can improve the pH, temperature stability, and organic solvent tolerance of biocatalysts and enhance their catalytic activity and selectively. Another effective method is to construct mimicking biocatalysts to build a cascade reaction with natural enzymes based on nanotechnology. It can provide a variety of nanomaterials for biocatalysts immobilization and construction of mimicking biocatalysts, like nanospheres, nanofibers, and nanotubes. Most nanomaterials have porous nanostructures, which offer a high surface area and make the substrate easier transfer to the catalytic activity central.
Up to now, great progress has been made in nanoscaled biocatalysts. However, these biocatalysts still face the problems of leaching, instability under extreme conditions, restricted mass transfer, and lack of diversity of mimicking biocatalysts.
With this Research Topic, our aim is to present a comprehensive view of the recent advances in the field of biocatalysts based on nanotechnology to improve the properties of biocatalysts and establishing a more effective catalytic system. This Research Topic encourages original research articles, perspectives, and reviews on the topic of improvement of the properties of biocatalysts and the construction of mimicking biocatalysts based on nanotechnology.
Themes of interest include, but are not limited to:
• Novel biocatalysts immobilization nanomaterials;
• Interaction mechanisms between biocatalysts and nanomaterials;
•Practical application of biocatalysts immobilization in nanomaterials;
•Novel nanomaterials for mimicking biocatalysts;
•Catalytic mechanism of mimicking biocatalysts constructed by nanotechnology;
•Practical application of mimicking biocatalysts;
•Combination of mimicking biocatalysts and natural biocatalysts
Keywords: biocatalysts, nanotechnology, immobilization nanomaterials, biomimicking nanocatalysts
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