About this Research Topic
The multidisciplinary contribution of materials in different research areas is unmeasurable and has been one of the main drivers for society's economic growth. A key focus in developing and using various materials has been towards energy and environmental applications. The development of smart materials for environmental applications is a highly innovative and promising field, which aims to meet the increasing demands for water supplying and pollution remediation. Many of these functional materials are inspired by biological systems, that use sophisticated material interfaces to display high levels of adaptability to their environment.
The last decades have witnessed a dramatic rise in air, water, and soil pollution, due to the boosted industrial activity for the production of a plethora goods, to meet the increasing population's demands. Different strategies such as adsorption, catalysis, chemical reactions, and membrane systems, development of sensors for the detection of harmful pollutants have been implemented towards counteracting the resulting negative environmental footprint. One of the most important aspects of all these methods is the utilization of one or more materials that are appropriately effective. In general, a wide variety of materials have been investigated as environmental remediation media, such as carbons/biochar, polymers, ceramics, metal oxides/hydroxides, zeolites, silicas, metal-organic frameworks MOFs, and more.
Activated materials have shown superior characteristics and effectiveness compared to the pristine ones. The activation of materials generally involves functionalization, coating of doping or capping agents and developing of composites/hybrids. The derived superior features have specific impacts on material properties and capabilities. As such, activated materials have been used for several applications, such as removal of different types of pollutants, CO2 capture, developing sensors for toxic detection, environmental (photo)catalysis, conversion of biomass residues to biofuels, and purification processes. Some of the most well-known materials that have been activated include nanomaterials, metallic, polymers, semiconductor oxides, zeolites, MOFs and carbon/biochar-based materials.
This Research Topic aims to showcase the advances in engineering of activated materials for environmental remediation applications, from multidisciplinary research backgrounds.
We invite the submission of Original Research, Review, Mini Review, Perspective articles on themes including, but not limited to:
• methods, conditions, and parameters required for engineering advanced materials with desirable properties in order to carry out treatment processes
• current challenges in designing efficient materials with superior performance and economic feasibility in the long run.
Keywords: Nanomaterials, Functionalization, Catalysis, Composites, Environmental Remediation, smart materials
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.