About this Research Topic
Nanofluids are suspensions of nanomaterials having at least one dimension in nanoscale. The distinctive features of nanofluids have proved revolutionary potential in several applications involving thermal and mass transfer mechanism. Prominent applications of nanofluids ranges from transportation to energy production, electronics to mechanical systems, and chemical process to biotechnology. Nanomaterials possess high specific surface area and their dispersions in conventional fluids with varying concentrations makes it an ideal candidate with attractive and adjustable characteristics. One of the main incentives of nanofluids is that it can be replaced with any conventional fluid depending on the application. Besides interesting properties of nanofluids, this technology is still facing several challenges towards their usage at industrial level. The current trends in nanofluid research is progressively shifting from fundamental studies to application-targeted applied research.
The main driving force for nanofluids research lies in a wide range of applications. The established researches have demonstrated an undisputed view of nanofluids as an emerging technology and potential alternative for several applications. This requires an extensive and in-depth examination on variety of challenges in nanofluid technology which hinders their use at industrial scale. Therefore, a multi-disciplinary approach can be applied to cater these challenges and broaden the understanding of overall impact of nanofluids on different aspects. The choice of nanomaterial, base-fluid, preparation method, and stability of nanofluids are some of the crucial factors that must be considered for novel application-targeted nanofluids. The fact remains that there are several unknown key factors and unidentified nanoscale phenomena taking place due to nanomaterial-liquid interactions, which should be investigated using advanced tools and devices to understand the mechanism and behavior of nanofluids in different applications. Therefore, the primary goal of this Research Topic is to provide a collection of novel methods and techniques in application-targeted nanofluids focusing on the heat and mass transfer aspects using experimental, theoretical, and computational approaches.
This Research Topic invites contributions of original research, methods, review, mini-review, perspective, and opinion articles which extend the bounds of existing approaches to address advancements and current challenges in application-targeted nanofluid technology. Potential topics include but are not limited to:
· Stability evaluation and enhancement
· Nanofluids for enhanced Oil Recovery
· Nanofluids for energy management and storage
· Nanofluids for carbon capture and utilization
· Nanofluids for biological systems
· Nanofluids for transportation and photovoltaic systems
· Tribological nanofluids
· Functionalized nanofluids
· Composite nanofluids
· PCM-based nanofluids
· Quantum dots-based nanofluids
· Carbon-based nanofluids
· Optical, electrical, viscous and thermal properties evaluation
· Surface tension and wetting behavior
· Rheology of nanofluids
· Novel CFD and AI approaches for nanofluids
Note: Research articles without detailed uncertainty analysis of experimental measurements and/or inappropriate validation of theoretical research will not be considered.
Keywords: Nanofluids, Thermal and Mass Transport, Dispersion Stability, Engineering Applications, Nanofluids Properties
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.