About this Research Topic
Phytochemical-based therapeutics have emerged as a novel trend in medication and disease prevention because of its excellent health benefits as explored for decades. Currently, the incidence of various diseases and toxicologic disorders are largely elevated. Phytochemicals have shown a promising role in chemotherapeutic strategies and contributed in therapeutic compounds as either a single therapy or as a combined therapy with other developed drugs, particularly due to the advantages of low costs and few side effects. The preventive and therapeutic impacts of phytochemicals may involve anti-malignant, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-obesity and metabolic syndromes. In addition, they may contribute to the modification of the gut microbiota as well as in reproductive, hepatorenal, and neuro-protection. The great difference in functional groups and specific structure of these preventive or therapeutic compounds leads to differences in the major targets and underlying mechanisms, therefore more research on the phytochemicals and their therapeutic abilities is necessary to clarify their role, biological availability, suitability, pathogenesis, and limitations.
Phytoplankton are photoautotrophic microorganisms which are distributed all over the world in almost all ecosystems. Like phytochemical-based therapeutics, phytoplankton can be used as a novel supplement in conventional food and feed preparation to enhance nutritional values and exert positive effects on animal health due to their original chemical composition. It is known for its high protein content and balanced pattern of amino acids, fatty acids, carotenoids, polysaccharides, vitamins, and many other biologically active compounds. Recently, microalgae have been recognized as possible sources of novel natural medicinal and antimicrobial agents; they are able to produce a great variety of bioactive secondary metabolites which can contribute their antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antioxidant, antiinflammatory, and antiproliferative properties.
This Research Topic welcomes, but is not limited to, the following themes:
• The potential ameliorative impacts and limitations of phytochemicals and/or phytoplankton in drugs and metals toxicity;
• The molecular and functional pathologic pathogenesis of phytochemicals and/or phytoplankton -based therapeutics;
• Novel strategies for the use of phytochemicals or phytoplankton in chemotherapy as either single or combined therapy;
• Research on the use of phytochemicals or phytoplankton in the amelioration of organs, neurotoxicity and other disorders;
• Phytochemicals and phytoplankton in animal, poultry, and fish nutrition;
• Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of phytotherapeutics and phytoplankton;
• Clarification of the antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-obesity, and anti-inflammatory properties of phytochemicals and phytoplankton.
Keywords: Phytochemicals, phytoplankton, Pathology, Toxicology, Pharmacology
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